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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Contribution of Full Wave Acoustic Logging to the Detection and Prediction of Karstic Bodies

1
Sorbonne Université, CNRS, EPHE, UMR 7619 METIS, 4 Place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France
2
IC2MP UMR 7285, Department of Earth Sciences, Université de Poitiers, CNRS, HydrASA, F-86000 Poitiers, France
3
LHyGeS–UMR 7517, Department of Earth Sciences, Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, ENGEES, F-67000 Strasbourg, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(4), 948; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12040948
Received: 27 February 2020 / Revised: 24 March 2020 / Accepted: 25 March 2020 / Published: 27 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applied Geophysics in Hydrogeological Practice)
A 3D seismic survey was done on a near surface karstic reservoir located at the hydrogeological experimental site (HES) of the University of Poitiers (France). The processing of the 3D data led to obtaining a 3D velocity block in depth. The velocity block was converted in pseudo porosity. The resulting 3D seismic pseudo-porosity block reveals three high-porosity, presumably-water-productive layers, at depths of 30–40, 85–87 and 110–115 m. This paper shows how full wave acoustic logging (FWAL) can be used to validate the results obtained from the 3D seismic survey if the karstic body has a lateral extension over several seismic. If karstic bodies have a small extension, FWAL in open hole can be fruitfully used to: detect highly permeable bodies, thanks to measurements of acoustic energy and attenuation; detect the presence of karstic bodies characterized by a very strong attenuation of the different wave trains and a loss of continuity of acoustic sections; confirm the results obtained by vertical seismic profile (VSP) data. The field example also shows that acoustic attenuation of the total wavefield as well as conversion of downward-going P-wave in Stoneley waves observed on VSP data are strongly correlated with the presence of flow. View Full-Text
Keywords: acoustic logging; 3D seismic; vertical seismic profile; Stoneley wave; attenuation; karstic body; porosity; permeability acoustic logging; 3D seismic; vertical seismic profile; Stoneley wave; attenuation; karstic body; porosity; permeability
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MDPI and ACS Style

MARI, J.-L.; POREL, G.; DELAY, F. Contribution of Full Wave Acoustic Logging to the Detection and Prediction of Karstic Bodies. Water 2020, 12, 948.

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