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Review

Identifying Indicators to Evaluate Community-Managed Freshwater Protected Areas in the Lower Mekong Basin: A Review of Marine and Freshwater Examples

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Water 2020, 12(12), 3530; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123530
Received: 31 October 2020 / Revised: 10 December 2020 / Accepted: 11 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
Protected areas are frequently established as a management tool to conserve terrestrial and aquatic habitats and species. Monitoring and evaluation are a necessary part of adaptive management to determine whether such protected areas are effectively meeting their objectives. While numerous initiatives have developed methods to evaluate terrestrial and marine protected areas (MPAs), similar efforts and resources are lacking for freshwater protected areas (FPAs), which have become widespread as a community-based fisheries management approach in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB). This review summarizes published literature on the evaluation of marine and freshwater protected areas to provide guidance on the evaluation of community-managed FPAs in the LMB. Specifically, the review examines several indicators related to common objectives of aquatic protected areas and provides considerations for measuring these indicators in the context of community-managed freshwater protected areas in the LMB. Key conclusions include that first, FPAs should be established with clearly defined objectives, and these objectives should inform the selection of indicators for evaluation. Second, indicators identified for MPAs are highly relevant to FPAs, although methods may require adaptation to a freshwater environment. Finally, socioeconomic and governance indicators are overlooked in both MPA and FPA evaluations compared to biophysical indicators, and interdisciplinary assessment teams could ensure these indicators receive adequate consideration. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquatic protected areas; community management; fish conservation; freshwater conservation; inland fisheries; monitoring and evaluation aquatic protected areas; community management; fish conservation; freshwater conservation; inland fisheries; monitoring and evaluation
MDPI and ACS Style

Loury, E.K.; Ainsley, S.M. Identifying Indicators to Evaluate Community-Managed Freshwater Protected Areas in the Lower Mekong Basin: A Review of Marine and Freshwater Examples. Water 2020, 12, 3530. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123530

AMA Style

Loury EK, Ainsley SM. Identifying Indicators to Evaluate Community-Managed Freshwater Protected Areas in the Lower Mekong Basin: A Review of Marine and Freshwater Examples. Water. 2020; 12(12):3530. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123530

Chicago/Turabian Style

Loury, Erin K.; Ainsley, Shaara M. 2020. "Identifying Indicators to Evaluate Community-Managed Freshwater Protected Areas in the Lower Mekong Basin: A Review of Marine and Freshwater Examples" Water 12, no. 12: 3530. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123530

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