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Article

Achieving Partial Nitrification via Intermittent Aeration in SBR and Short-Term Effects of Different C/N Ratios on Reactor Performance and Microbial Community Structure

Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Resource and Environmental Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
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Water 2020, 12(12), 3485; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123485
Received: 13 November 2020 / Revised: 8 December 2020 / Accepted: 9 December 2020 / Published: 11 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Technologies for Wastewater and Water Treatment)
A sequencing batch reactor (SBR) with an intermittent aeration mode was established to achieve partial nitrification (PN) and the short-term effects of C/N ratios were investigated. Stable nitrite accumulation was achieved after 107 cycles, about 56d, with the average ammonia nitrogen removal efficiency (ARE) and nitrite accumulation rate (NAR) of 96.92% and 82.49%, respectively. When the C/N ratios decreased from 4.64 to 3.87 and 2.32, ARE and NAR still kept a stable and high level. However, when the C/N ratio further decreased to 0.77, nitrite accumulation became fluctuation, and ARE, total nitrogen (TN), and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal performance declined obviously. Except for four common phyla (Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Chloroflexi, and Actinobacteria) in the wastewater treatment system, Patescibacteria, the newly defined superphylum, was found and became the most dominant phylum in the PN sludge for their ultra-small cell size. The only ammonia oxidation bacteria (AOB), Nitrosomonas, and nitrite oxidation bacteria (NOB), Nitrospira, were detected. The relative abundance of NOB was low at different C/N ratios, showing the stable and effective inhibition effects of intermittent aeration on NOB growth. View Full-Text
Keywords: partial nitrification; intermittent aeration; C/N ratio; high-throughput sequencing; microbial community partial nitrification; intermittent aeration; C/N ratio; high-throughput sequencing; microbial community
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, Z.; Qi, M.; Wang, H. Achieving Partial Nitrification via Intermittent Aeration in SBR and Short-Term Effects of Different C/N Ratios on Reactor Performance and Microbial Community Structure. Water 2020, 12, 3485. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123485

AMA Style

Zhou Z, Qi M, Wang H. Achieving Partial Nitrification via Intermittent Aeration in SBR and Short-Term Effects of Different C/N Ratios on Reactor Performance and Microbial Community Structure. Water. 2020; 12(12):3485. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123485

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhou, Zhengyao, Meixia Qi, and Hongping Wang. 2020. "Achieving Partial Nitrification via Intermittent Aeration in SBR and Short-Term Effects of Different C/N Ratios on Reactor Performance and Microbial Community Structure" Water 12, no. 12: 3485. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123485

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