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Review

Antimicrobials and Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria: A Risk to the Environment and to Public Health

European Regional Centre for Ecohydrology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Tylna 3, 90-364 Lodz, Poland
Water 2020, 12(12), 3313; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123313
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 8 November 2020 / Accepted: 16 November 2020 / Published: 25 November 2020
The release of antibiotics to the environment, and the consequences of the presence of persistent antimicrobial residues in ecosystems, have been the subject of numerous studies in all parts of the world. The overuse and misuse of antibiotics is a common global phenomenon, which substantially increases the levels of antibiotics in the environment and the rates of their spread. Today, it can be said with certainty that the mass production and use of antibiotics for purposes other than medical treatment has an impact on both the environment and human health. This review aims to track the pathways of the environmental distribution of antimicrobials and identify the biological effects of their subinhibitory concentration in different environmental compartments; it also assesses the associated public health risk and government policy interventions needed to ensure the effectiveness of existing antimicrobials. The recent surge in interest in this issue has been driven by the dramatic increase in the number of infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria worldwide. Our study is in line with the global One Health approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotics; antimicrobial resistance; environment; contamination; risk assessment; one health antibiotics; antimicrobial resistance; environment; contamination; risk assessment; one health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Serwecińska, L. Antimicrobials and Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria: A Risk to the Environment and to Public Health. Water 2020, 12, 3313. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123313

AMA Style

Serwecińska L. Antimicrobials and Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria: A Risk to the Environment and to Public Health. Water. 2020; 12(12):3313. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123313

Chicago/Turabian Style

Serwecińska, Liliana. 2020. "Antimicrobials and Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria: A Risk to the Environment and to Public Health" Water 12, no. 12: 3313. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123313

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