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Article

Evaluation of Multiple Responses Associated with Arsenic Tolerance and Accumulation in Pteris vittata L. Plants Exposed to High As Concentrations under Hydroponics

1
Research Institute on Terrestrial Ecosystems, National Research Council of Italy, Section of Montelibretti, via Salaria km 29.300, 00015 Monterotondo Scalo (Rome), Italy
2
Institute of Agricultural Biology and Biotechnology, National Research Council of Italy, Section of Montelibretti, via Salaria km 29.300, 00015 Monterotondo Scalo (Rome), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3127; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113127
Received: 7 October 2020 / Revised: 4 November 2020 / Accepted: 5 November 2020 / Published: 7 November 2020
Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata L.) is recognized as an arsenic hyperaccumulating plant. Mechanisms underlying this capability and the associated hypertolerance have been described even if not completely elucidated. In this study, with the aim to expand the knowledge on the matter, an experimental trial was developed to investigate an array of responses, at the morphological, physiological, and biochemical level, in P. vittata plants exposed to high As concentrations in a long-term experiment under hydroponics. Results confirmed the ability of fern plants to both tolerate and accumulate a remarkable amount of As, especially in fronds. Notably, in As-treated plants, a far higher As content was detected in young fronds compared to old fronds, with bioaccumulation (BCF) and translocation (Tf) factors in accordance. At the biochemical level, As treatment affected macro and micronutrient, thiol, and phytochelatin concentrations in fronds of treated plants differently than that of the control. Physiological measurements accounted for a reduction in the photosynthetic activity of As-treated plants in the absence of visual symptoms of damage. Overall, the observed As tolerance and accumulation processes were discussed, evidencing how young fronds developed during As treatment maintain their physiological status while accumulating a high As content. Such indications could be very useful to improve the effective utilization of this plant species for phytofiltration of As-polluted water. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytoremediation; photosynthesis; thiols; heavy metals; water pollution; phytofiltration phytoremediation; photosynthesis; thiols; heavy metals; water pollution; phytofiltration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pietrini, F.; Iori, V.; Pietrosanti, L.; Zacchini, M.; Massacci, A. Evaluation of Multiple Responses Associated with Arsenic Tolerance and Accumulation in Pteris vittata L. Plants Exposed to High As Concentrations under Hydroponics. Water 2020, 12, 3127. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113127

AMA Style

Pietrini F, Iori V, Pietrosanti L, Zacchini M, Massacci A. Evaluation of Multiple Responses Associated with Arsenic Tolerance and Accumulation in Pteris vittata L. Plants Exposed to High As Concentrations under Hydroponics. Water. 2020; 12(11):3127. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113127

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pietrini, Fabrizio; Iori, Valentina; Pietrosanti, Lucia; Zacchini, Massimo; Massacci, Angelo. 2020. "Evaluation of Multiple Responses Associated with Arsenic Tolerance and Accumulation in Pteris vittata L. Plants Exposed to High As Concentrations under Hydroponics" Water 12, no. 11: 3127. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113127

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