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Article

Research on the Impact of Tourism Development on the Sustainable Development of Reservoir Headwater Area Using China’s Tingxi Reservoir as an Example

1
Institute of Physical Education and Health, Yulin Normal University, Yulin 537000, China
2
School of Environmental and Life Sciences, Nanning Normal University, Nanning 530001, China
3
Department of Leisure Industry Management, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung 41170, Taiwan
4
Department of Social Work, Toko University, Chiayi 61249, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(12), 3311; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123311
Received: 19 October 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 21 November 2020 / Published: 25 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Resources Management Models for Policy Assessment)
The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of tourism development on the sustainable development of Tingxi Reservoir. Based on tourism impact theory, 804 questionnaires were statistically validated and analyzed, followed by a semi-structured interview with five respondents, and finally examined by a multivariate verification method. The study found that not only did development fail to raise land and housing prices, develop leisure activities, improve medical facilities, and supplement police manpower, but it also increased consumer costs and environmental damage. There were also problems such as insufficient interpreters, parking and rest facilities, and ineffective management of communication channels, bicycle facilities, and tourist waste, which did not help youths to return to their hometowns. Furthermore, due to the disparities in the performance of leisure opportunities, medical and health care, spatial planning, and cultural development, there were different opinions among the stakeholders. Suggestions: (1) Satisfy the needs of different stakeholders; (2) Improve the environmental literacy of tourists and provide more garbage cans; (3) Develop additional scenic spots to divert tourists; (4) Stabilize prices and attract investment from enterprises; and (5) Increase the participation of residents in community development to supplement industrial manpower. View Full-Text
Keywords: multifunctional water source area; ecotourism, people with different stakeholders; balanced decision-making multifunctional water source area; ecotourism, people with different stakeholders; balanced decision-making
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shen, C.-C.; Liang, C.-F.; Hsu, C.-H.; Chien, J.-H.; Lin, H.-H. Research on the Impact of Tourism Development on the Sustainable Development of Reservoir Headwater Area Using China’s Tingxi Reservoir as an Example. Water 2020, 12, 3311. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123311

AMA Style

Shen C-C, Liang C-F, Hsu C-H, Chien J-H, Lin H-H. Research on the Impact of Tourism Development on the Sustainable Development of Reservoir Headwater Area Using China’s Tingxi Reservoir as an Example. Water. 2020; 12(12):3311. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123311

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shen, Chih-Chien; Liang, Chou-Fu; Hsu, Chin-Hsien; Chien, Jung-Hul; Lin, Hsiao-Hsien. 2020. "Research on the Impact of Tourism Development on the Sustainable Development of Reservoir Headwater Area Using China’s Tingxi Reservoir as an Example" Water 12, no. 12: 3311. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123311

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