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Open AccessArticle

Identification of Potential Sites for a Multi-Purpose Dam Using a Dam Suitability Stream Model

1
State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
2
School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
3
Department of Geography, University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25120, Pakistan
4
Department of Geography, Government College University Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3249; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113249
Received: 3 October 2020 / Revised: 13 November 2020 / Accepted: 18 November 2020 / Published: 19 November 2020
Optimal site selection of a dam is one of the crucial tasks in water resource management. In this study, a dam suitability stream model (DSSM) is utilized to identify potential sites for constructing multi-purpose dams. In DSSM, each input parameter is weighted using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), and then weighted overlay analysis is performed in a Geographical Information System (GIS) environment. Compared to the previous studies, this study showed different results based on the crucial parameter that is “stream order”. Two resultant site suitability maps are prepared to differentiate the importance of stream order. Each of the resulting maps visualizes four classes of suitability from highly suitable to least suitable. The proposed sites will store water for a variety of uses at the local and regional level and reduce flood risk, which can be very useful for hydrologists and disaster risk managers. View Full-Text
Keywords: DSSM; AHP; GIS; stream order; multi-purpose dam DSSM; AHP; GIS; stream order; multi-purpose dam
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shao, Z.; Jahangir, Z.; Muhammad Yasir, Q.; Atta-ur-Rahman; Mahmood, S. Identification of Potential Sites for a Multi-Purpose Dam Using a Dam Suitability Stream Model. Water 2020, 12, 3249. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113249

AMA Style

Shao Z, Jahangir Z, Muhammad Yasir Q, Atta-ur-Rahman, Mahmood S. Identification of Potential Sites for a Multi-Purpose Dam Using a Dam Suitability Stream Model. Water. 2020; 12(11):3249. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113249

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shao, Zhenfeng; Jahangir, Zahid; Muhammad Yasir, Qazi; Atta-ur-Rahman; Mahmood, Shakeel. 2020. "Identification of Potential Sites for a Multi-Purpose Dam Using a Dam Suitability Stream Model" Water 12, no. 11: 3249. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113249

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