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Article

Effectiveness of the “Ecological Beach” Model: Beneficial Management of Posidonia Beach Casts and Banquette

1
Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), via Vitaliano Brancati 48, 00144 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Marine Biotechnology, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy
3
National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Development (ENEA), via Anguillarese 301, 00123 Rome, Italy
4
Department of Biology, Tor Vergata University, via della Ricerca Scientifica snc, 00133 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3238; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113238
Received: 20 October 2020 / Revised: 13 November 2020 / Accepted: 16 November 2020 / Published: 19 November 2020
The accumulation of Posidonia oceanica dead leaves on the beaches of the Mediterranean shores is a natural phenomenon. They are either temporary or permanent structures (banquettes) and represent a valuable resource, with important ecosystem functions including coastal protection against erosion. Nevertheless, the perception of these plant accumulations by the different stakeholders (beach managers, local administrations and tourists) is often negative; they consider these deposits a malevolent waste to be removed, rather than a natural and valuable component of the coastline. We propose an integrated/beneficial management model for posidonia deposits, called ECOLOGICAL BEACH, firstly proposed in France, and recently implemented and applied in Italy. The model promotes the preservation of posidonia beach casts on site, with a balanced coexistence of natural and anthropic elements. The model fosters the several important ecosystem services of the beach casts and contributes to coastal preservation. To successfully spread the model, several activities must be implemented: a regulatory framework, the collection of data about the occurrence of beach casts, management protocols and educational programs. The most important activity is the educational one, based on the dissemination of the ecological and economic value of the beach casts, aimed at switching the perception of this phenomenon towards positive appraisal. View Full-Text
Keywords: Posidonia oceanica; seagrass; Mediterranean Sea; coastal erosion; monitoring; governance; management; sustainable tourism; awareness-raising campaigns; environmental education Posidonia oceanica; seagrass; Mediterranean Sea; coastal erosion; monitoring; governance; management; sustainable tourism; awareness-raising campaigns; environmental education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rotini, A.; Chiesa, S.; Manfra, L.; Borrello, P.; Piermarini, R.; Silvestri, C.; Cappucci, S.; Parlagreco, L.; Devoti, S.; Pisapia, M.; Creo, C.; Mezzetti, T.; Scarpato, A.; Migliore, L. Effectiveness of the “Ecological Beach” Model: Beneficial Management of Posidonia Beach Casts and Banquette. Water 2020, 12, 3238. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113238

AMA Style

Rotini A, Chiesa S, Manfra L, Borrello P, Piermarini R, Silvestri C, Cappucci S, Parlagreco L, Devoti S, Pisapia M, Creo C, Mezzetti T, Scarpato A, Migliore L. Effectiveness of the “Ecological Beach” Model: Beneficial Management of Posidonia Beach Casts and Banquette. Water. 2020; 12(11):3238. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113238

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rotini, Alice; Chiesa, Stefania; Manfra, Loredana; Borrello, Patrizia; Piermarini, Raffaella; Silvestri, Cecilia; Cappucci, Sergio; Parlagreco, Luca; Devoti, Saverio; Pisapia, Marco; Creo, Carla; Mezzetti, Tiziana; Scarpato, Alfonso; Migliore, Luciana. 2020. "Effectiveness of the “Ecological Beach” Model: Beneficial Management of Posidonia Beach Casts and Banquette" Water 12, no. 11: 3238. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113238

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