Next Article in Journal
Groundwater Quality Characterization in an Overallocated Semi-Arid Coastal Area Using an Integrated Approach: Case of the Essaouira Basin, Morocco
Previous Article in Journal
Study on Landscape Patches Influencing Hillslope Erosion Processes and Flow Hydrodynamics in the Loess Plateau of Western Shanxi Province, China
Article

Wastewater Treatment Plant Assessment by Quantifying the Carbon and Water Footprint

Department of Construction, School of Technology, University of Extremadura, Avda. de la Universidad s/n, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3204; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113204
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 31 October 2020 / Accepted: 11 November 2020 / Published: 16 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Perspectives on Water and Energy Nexus)
In the context of efficient and sustainable management of the elements of the urban water cycle as an aim of the Water Framework Directive (WFD), the evaluation of indicators such as the water footprint (WF) and the carbon footprint (CF) in a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) provides a quantification of the environmental impact, both negative and positive, which implies its exploitation. In this study, in addition to WF and CF quantification, a joint evaluation of both indicators was conducted. Consumption is indicated by the blue water footprint (WFBlue) and emissions by CF. Both are related to the operational grey water footprint (∆WFG,mef) in two ratios, WFR and CFR. In this way, the water consumed and gases emitted are measured according to the reduction range of the pollutant load of the discharge. The results for four WWTPs show operational scenarios for better management in accordance with the WFD. View Full-Text
Keywords: water footprint; carbon footprint; wastewater treatment plants; water management; operational grey water footprint water footprint; carbon footprint; wastewater treatment plants; water management; operational grey water footprint
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Gómez-Llanos, E.; Matías-Sánchez, A.; Durán-Barroso, P. Wastewater Treatment Plant Assessment by Quantifying the Carbon and Water Footprint. Water 2020, 12, 3204. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113204

AMA Style

Gómez-Llanos E, Matías-Sánchez A, Durán-Barroso P. Wastewater Treatment Plant Assessment by Quantifying the Carbon and Water Footprint. Water. 2020; 12(11):3204. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113204

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gómez-Llanos, Eva, Agustín Matías-Sánchez, and Pablo Durán-Barroso. 2020. "Wastewater Treatment Plant Assessment by Quantifying the Carbon and Water Footprint" Water 12, no. 11: 3204. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113204

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop