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Article

The Impact of Land Use Changes on Soil Erosion in the River Basin of Miocki Potok, Montenegro

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Faculty of Philosophy, Geography, University of Montenegro, D. Bojovica, 81400 Niksic, Montenegro
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Biotechnical Faculty, University of Montenegro, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro
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Planning and Budgeting Organization of North Khorasan, Bojnurd 94714, Iran
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Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, 11070 Zemun, Serbia
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Faculty of Management, Comenius University in Bratislava, 82005 Bratislava, Slovakia
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Faculty of Economics and Engineering Management, University Business Academy, 21102 Novi Sad, Serbia
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International Platform for Dryland Research and Education, Arid Land Research Centre, Tottori University, Tottori 680-0001, Japan
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 2973; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112973
Received: 15 September 2020 / Revised: 12 October 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 23 October 2020
Land use change in all river basins leads to changes in hydrologic response, soil erosion, and sediment dynamics characteristics. Those changes are often viewed as the main cause of accelerated erosion rates. We studied the impact of land use changes on soil erosion processes in one of the watersheds in Montenegro: the Miocki Potok, using this watershed as a pilot river basin for this area. We simulated responses of soil erosion processes by using a process-oriented soil erosion Intensity of Erosion and Outflow (IntErO) model, with different settings of land use for the years 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010, and 2020. The model provides fast, effective, and affordable insight into the effects of land use change on soil erosion processes. Testing of the applied procedures was important for the further establishment of watershed management methodologies at the national level, for the other 300 river basins of Montenegro. For the current state of land use, calculated peak discharge for the Miocki Potok was 364 m3 s−1 (2020)–372 m3 s−1 (1970) for the incidence of 100 years, and there is a possibility for large flood waves to appear in the studied basin. Real soil losses, Gyear, were calculated at 13680 m3 year−1 (2020) and specific 333 m3 km−2 year−1 (2020). A Z coefficient value of 0.439 (2020) indicated that the river basin belongs to destruction category III. The strength of the erosion process was medium, and according to the erosion type, it was mixed erosion. According to our analysis, the land use changes in the last 50 years influenced a decrease in the soil erosion intensity for 14% in the Miocki Potok River Basin. Further studies should be focused on the detailed analysis of the land use changes trends with the other river basins at the national level, closely following responses of soil erosion to the changed land use structure, and effects of plant-and-soil interaction on soil erosion and sediment dynamics. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil erosion rates; runoff; land use; Erosion Potential Method; IntErO model soil erosion rates; runoff; land use; Erosion Potential Method; IntErO model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Spalevic, V.; Barovic, G.; Vujacic, D.; Curovic, M.; Behzadfar, M.; Djurovic, N.; Dudic, B.; Billi, P. The Impact of Land Use Changes on Soil Erosion in the River Basin of Miocki Potok, Montenegro. Water 2020, 12, 2973. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112973

AMA Style

Spalevic V, Barovic G, Vujacic D, Curovic M, Behzadfar M, Djurovic N, Dudic B, Billi P. The Impact of Land Use Changes on Soil Erosion in the River Basin of Miocki Potok, Montenegro. Water. 2020; 12(11):2973. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112973

Chicago/Turabian Style

Spalevic, Velibor; Barovic, Goran; Vujacic, Dusko; Curovic, Milic; Behzadfar, Morteza; Djurovic, Nevenka; Dudic, Branislav; Billi, Paolo. 2020. "The Impact of Land Use Changes on Soil Erosion in the River Basin of Miocki Potok, Montenegro" Water 12, no. 11: 2973. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112973

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