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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Soluble Salt Loss via Spring Water on Irrigation-Induced Landslide Deformation

1
School of Earth Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
2
Technology & Innovation Centre for Environmental Geology and Geohazards Prevention, Lanzhou 730000, China
3
College of Earth Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(10), 2889; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102889
Received: 21 August 2020 / Revised: 13 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 16 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water-Induced Landslides: Prediction and Control)
Landslide exposes the previously blocked groundwater discharge. High concentrations of soluble salt form salt sinters that can be observed near discharge passages. Based on existing laboratory investigation results of soil leaching and shearing reported in the literature, the effect of the soluble salt loss via spring water on irrigation-induced landslide deformation was studied under large-scale conditions. During our field investigation of landslides in the Heitai terrace of the Yellow River’s upper reaches in Gansu Province, China, 35 spring outlets were found, and the Heitai terrace was divided into five subareas, based on the difference in spring flow. Deformation data for the terrace were obtained by small baseline subset technology (SBAS-InSAR). These data were analyzed in combination with the amount of soluble salt loss, to explore the correlation between the deformation of the landslide and the soluble salt loss in the loess irrigation area. The results showed that the cumulative deformation and the loss of soluble salt were increasing continuously in the terrace. Although the increasing intensity of each subarea was different, the changing intensity of the two during the corresponding monitoring period was highly consistent. The statistical analysis revealed a strong positive correlation between the accumulated loss of soluble salt via spring water and the accumulated displacement of the terrace edge (p < 0.01). After the slope k between the two was tested by the Grubbs test and t-test, the k was no abnormality (α = 0.05) and difference (Sig > 0.05), further providing the basis for confirming the existence of this positive correlation. When the loss of soluble salt in rock and soil increased gradually, the accumulated deformation of the terrace edge also increased continuously. The findings of this study are of great significance for understanding the formation mechanism of landslides and the identifying landslide revival in irrigation areas of the Loess Plateau. View Full-Text
Keywords: loess; spring water; soluble salt; deformation of landslide; SBAS-InSAR loess; spring water; soluble salt; deformation of landslide; SBAS-InSAR
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Zhang, Z.; Zeng, R.; Meng, X.; Zhang, Y.; Zhao, S.; Ma, J.; Yao, Y. Effect of Soluble Salt Loss via Spring Water on Irrigation-Induced Landslide Deformation. Water 2020, 12, 2889.

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