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Article

Decoupling Urban Water Use and Growth in Response to Water Scarcity

1
Sustainable Waters LLC, Crozet, VA 22932, USA
2
Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
3
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
4
Department of Urban and Environmental Planning, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
5
Department of Engineering Systems and Environment, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(10), 2868; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102868
Received: 25 August 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 15 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Environmental Policy and Planning: Land Use and Water)
Many cities in the western US face difficult challenges in trying to secure water supplies for rapidly growing urban populations in the context of intensifying water scarcity. We obtained annual data from urban water utilities across the western US to document trends in their water usage and service populations. We found that many cities have been able to accommodate population increases while simultaneously reducing their volume of water use, thereby decoupling growth from water use. This outcome is largely attributable to reductions in per-capita residential use. We identify additional untapped potential that can sustain and widen this decoupling for many cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban water use; water conservation; demand management; water-use trends; sustainable water management urban water use; water conservation; demand management; water-use trends; sustainable water management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Richter, B.D.; Benoit, K.; Dugan, J.; Getacho, G.; LaRoe, N.; Moro, B.; Rynne, T.; Tahamtani, M.; Townsend, A. Decoupling Urban Water Use and Growth in Response to Water Scarcity. Water 2020, 12, 2868. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102868

AMA Style

Richter BD, Benoit K, Dugan J, Getacho G, LaRoe N, Moro B, Rynne T, Tahamtani M, Townsend A. Decoupling Urban Water Use and Growth in Response to Water Scarcity. Water. 2020; 12(10):2868. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102868

Chicago/Turabian Style

Richter, Brian D., Kendall Benoit, Jesse Dugan, Gabriella Getacho, Natalie LaRoe, Bailey Moro, Tyler Rynne, Maria Tahamtani, and Allen Townsend. 2020. "Decoupling Urban Water Use and Growth in Response to Water Scarcity" Water 12, no. 10: 2868. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102868

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