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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Permeable Brick Pavement on the Reduction of Stormwater Runoff Using a Coupled Hydrological Model

1
College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
3
School of Transportation and Civil Engineering and Architecture, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(10), 2821; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102821
Received: 12 August 2020 / Revised: 6 October 2020 / Accepted: 8 October 2020 / Published: 11 October 2020
In several cities, permeable brick pavement (PBP) plays a key role in stormwater management. Although various hydrological models can be used to analyze the mitigation efficiency of PBP on rainfall runoff, the majority do not consider the effect of multi-layered pavement on infiltration in urban areas. Therefore, we developed a coupled model to evaluate the potential effect of PBP in reducing stormwater runoff at a watershed scale. Specifically, we compared the hydrological responses (outflow and overflow) of three different PBP scenarios. The potential effects of PBP on peak flow (PF), total volume (TV), and overflow volume (OV) were investigated for 20 design rainstorms with different return periods and durations. Our results indicate that an increase in PBP ratio reduces both PF (4.2–13.5%) and TV (4.2–10.5%) at the outfall as well as the OV (15.4–30.6%) across networks. The mitigation effect of PBP on OV is linearly correlated to storm return period and duration, but the effects on PF and TV are inversely correlated to storm duration. These results provide insight on the effects of infiltration-based infrastructure on urban flooding. View Full-Text
Keywords: permeable brick pavement; SWMM; HYDRUS-1D; outflow reduction; flood mitigation; design rainstorm permeable brick pavement; SWMM; HYDRUS-1D; outflow reduction; flood mitigation; design rainstorm
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fu, X.; Liu, J.; Shao, W.; Mei, C.; Wang, D.; Yan, W. Evaluation of Permeable Brick Pavement on the Reduction of Stormwater Runoff Using a Coupled Hydrological Model. Water 2020, 12, 2821. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102821

AMA Style

Fu X, Liu J, Shao W, Mei C, Wang D, Yan W. Evaluation of Permeable Brick Pavement on the Reduction of Stormwater Runoff Using a Coupled Hydrological Model. Water. 2020; 12(10):2821. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102821

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fu, Xiaoran; Liu, Jiahong; Shao, Weiwei; Mei, Chao; Wang, Dong; Yan, Wenchang. 2020. "Evaluation of Permeable Brick Pavement on the Reduction of Stormwater Runoff Using a Coupled Hydrological Model" Water 12, no. 10: 2821. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102821

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