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Water Footprint Management for Sustainable Growth in the Bangladesh Apparel Sector

Environmental Sustainability in Textile Industries (ESTex), Department of Chemical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology (BUET), Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
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Water 2020, 12(10), 2760; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102760
Received: 4 September 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 30 September 2020 / Published: 4 October 2020
Bangladesh is one of the fastest growing economies in the world, primarily driven by its textile industries. A high amount of water is consumed and polluted in the production and processing of raw material to the final product in the textile industry. Therefore, water footprint assessment is important for textile products. In this study, the water footprint of cotton cultivation, transportation and textile industry was calculated by analyzing the amount of imported cotton, production and processing capacity of cotton yarn and cotton fabrics, wastewater volume, number of workers and pollution load database, for 2012–2016. For the textile industry, the annual water footprint was found to be 1.8 billion m3. This high amount of water footprint and water pollution may result in depletion of groundwater level and can lead to major health problems for the local people, respectively. Total water footprint for ready-made garment product is found to be 27.56 billion m3, whereas considering proper water treatment and water reuse facilities can reduce the grey water footprint to around 1.26 billion m3. This study shows the extent of water pollution, groundwater depletion and economic impact of groundwater extraction, and possible means to reduce water footprint in cotton cultivation and textile industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: water footprint; cotton; textile; water pollution; water consumption; sustainability water footprint; cotton; textile; water pollution; water consumption; sustainability
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Hossain, L.; Khan, M.S. Water Footprint Management for Sustainable Growth in the Bangladesh Apparel Sector. Water 2020, 12, 2760.

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