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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Potential Impacts of Future Climate Change Scenarios on Ground Subsidence

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Department of Research on Geological Resources, Geological Survey of Spain (IGME), Urb. Alcázar del Genil, 4-Edif. Bajo, 18006 Granada, Spain
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Geohazard InSAR Laboratory and Modelling Group, Geological Survey of Spain (IGME), Urb. Alcázar del Genil, 4-Edif. Bajo, 18006 Granada, Spain
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Geohazard InSAR Laboratory and Modelling Group, Geological Survey of Spain (IGME), Ríos Rosas, 23, 28003 Madrid, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(1), 219; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12010219
Received: 12 December 2019 / Revised: 4 January 2020 / Accepted: 8 January 2020 / Published: 13 January 2020
In this work, we developed a new method to assess the impact of climate change (CC) scenarios on land subsidence related to groundwater level depletion in detrital aquifers. The main goal of this work was to propose a parsimonious approach that could be applied for any case study. We also evaluated the methodology in a case study, the Vega de Granada aquifer (southern Spain). Historical subsidence rates were estimated using remote sensing techniques (differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar, DInSAR). Local CC scenarios were generated by applying a bias correction approach. An equifeasible ensemble of the generated projections from different climatic models was also proposed. A simple water balance approach was applied to assess CC impacts on lumped global drawdowns due to future potential rainfall recharge and pumping. CC impacts were propagated to drawdowns within piezometers by applying the global delta change observed with the lumped assessment. Regression models were employed to estimate the impacts of these drawdowns in terms of land subsidence, as well as to analyze the influence of the fine-grained material in the aquifer. The results showed that a more linear behavior was observed for the cases with lower percentage of fine-grained material. The mean increase of the maximum subsidence rates in the considered wells for the future horizon (2016–2045) and the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenario 8.5 was 54%. The main advantage of the proposed method is its applicability in cases with limited information. It is also appropriate for the study of wide areas to identify potential hot spots where more exhaustive analyses should be performed. The method will allow sustainable adaptation strategies in vulnerable areas during drought-critical periods to be assessed.
Keywords: ground subsidence; climate change; Vega de Granada aquifer ground subsidence; climate change; Vega de Granada aquifer
MDPI and ACS Style

Collados-Lara, A.-J.; Pulido-Velazquez, D.; Mateos, R.M.; Ezquerro, P. Potential Impacts of Future Climate Change Scenarios on Ground Subsidence. Water 2020, 12, 219.

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