Next Article in Journal
Functionalized Leather: A Novel and Effective Hazardous Solid Waste Adsorbent for the Removal of the Diazo Dye Congo Red from Aqueous Solution
Next Article in Special Issue
Using Water Stable Isotopes for Identifying Groundwater Recharge Sources of the Unconfined Alluvial Zagreb Aquifer (Croatia)
Previous Article in Journal
Application of MODFLOW with Boundary Conditions Analyses Based on Limited Available Observations: A Case Study of Birjand Plain in East Iran
Previous Article in Special Issue
Application of Stable Isotopes of Water to Study Coupled Submarine Groundwater Discharge and Nutrient Delivery
Article

The Role of Management of Stream–Riparian Zones on Subsurface–Surface Flow Components

1
Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
2
DICAM—Department of Civil Engineering, Chemistry, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna, 40136 Bologna, Italy
3
Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, 8600 Silkeborg, Denmark
4
Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Department of Hydrology, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(9), 1905; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091905
Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 9 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 September 2019 / Published: 12 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Groundwater-Surface Water Interactions)
A managed riparian lowland in a glacial landscape (Holtum catchment, Denmark) was studied to quantify the relative importance of subsurface and surface flow to the recipient stream. The hydrogeological characterization combined geoelectrical methods, lithological logs, and piezometric heads with monthly flow measurements of springs, a ditch, and a drain, to determine seasonality and thereby infer flow paths. In addition, groundwater discharge through the streambed was estimated using temperature and water-stable isotopes as tracers. The lowland received large groundwater inputs with minimal seasonal variations from adjacent upland aquifers. This resulted in significant amounts of groundwater-fed surface flow to the stream, via man-made preferential flow paths comprising ditches, drainage systems, and a pond, and via two natural springs. Roughly, two thirds of the stream gain was due to surface flow to the stream, mainly via anthropogenic alterations. In contrast, direct groundwater discharge through the streambed accounted for only 4% of the stream flow gain, although bank seepage (not measured) to the straightened and deepened stream potentially accounted for an additional 17%. Comparison to analogous natural flow systems in the catchment substantiate the impact of anthropogenic alterations of riparian lowlands for the subsurface and surface flow components to their streams. View Full-Text
Keywords: riparian zone; groundwater; surface flow; springs; management riparian zone; groundwater; surface flow; springs; management
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Steiness, M.; Jessen, S.; Spitilli, M.; van’t Veen, S.G.W.; Højberg, A.L.; Engesgaard, P. The Role of Management of Stream–Riparian Zones on Subsurface–Surface Flow Components. Water 2019, 11, 1905. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091905

AMA Style

Steiness M, Jessen S, Spitilli M, van’t Veen SGW, Højberg AL, Engesgaard P. The Role of Management of Stream–Riparian Zones on Subsurface–Surface Flow Components. Water. 2019; 11(9):1905. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091905

Chicago/Turabian Style

Steiness, Mads; Jessen, Søren; Spitilli, Mattia; van’t Veen, Sofie G.W.; Højberg, Anker L.; Engesgaard, Peter. 2019. "The Role of Management of Stream–Riparian Zones on Subsurface–Surface Flow Components" Water 11, no. 9: 1905. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091905

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop