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Developing a Strategy to Recover Condensate Water from Air Conditioners in Palestine

1
Faculty of Graduate Studies, Birzeit University, P.O. Box 14, Birzeit 00970, Palestine
2
Institute of Environmental and Water Studies, Birzeit University, P.O. Box 14, Birzeit 00970, Palestine
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College of Engineering and Technology, Palestine Technical University-Kadoorie, Tulkarm 00970, Palestine
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Department of Chemistry, An-Najah National University, P.O. Box 7, Nablus 00970, Palestine
5
Graduate Studies Department, Al-Istiqlal University, Jericho 00970, Palestine
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(8), 1696; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081696
Received: 4 July 2019 / Revised: 27 July 2019 / Accepted: 30 July 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Water Management)
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Abstract

As the need for water is increasing in Palestine, and the available water resources are barely sufficient to meet the demands of the current quality of life and the economy, air conditioner condensate water could be explored as an alternative water source. The objective of this study is to better understand the potential for recovery of condensate water from air conditioning systems in two Palestinian cities. In addition, this study aims to evaluate this water source in terms of quality and quantity. Generally, it was found that the condensate water has good quality, which conforms to the Palestinian standards for reused water for irrigation, except for turbidity, biological oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) measurements. Reflecting the heavy metal occurrence in the collected condensate water, no particular risk was recognized for drinking water or reused irrigation standards, except for manganese occurrence of 0.19 mg/L in one sample. From a single unit capacity, high quantities of water were observed of approximately 259 L and 453 L per month in Ramallah and Jericho cities, respectively. These figures should draw the attention of decision and policy makers to put in place strict technical guidelines to be followed for potential reuse of condensate water at the local level. View Full-Text
Keywords: condensate water recovery; air conditioner; water quality; water quantity; Palestine condensate water recovery; air conditioner; water quality; water quantity; Palestine
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Siam, L.; Al-Khatib, I.A.; Anayah, F.; Jodeh, S.; Hanbali, G.; Khalaf, B.; Deghles, A. Developing a Strategy to Recover Condensate Water from Air Conditioners in Palestine. Water 2019, 11, 1696.

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