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Experimental Investigation of Local Scour Protection for Cylindrical Bridge Piers Using Anti-Scour Collars

Department of Bridge Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
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Water 2019, 11(7), 1515; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11071515
Received: 18 June 2019 / Revised: 15 July 2019 / Accepted: 18 July 2019 / Published: 21 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Experimental, Numerical and Field Approaches to Scour Research)
Local scour of bridge piers is one of the main threats responsible for bridge damage. Adopting scour countermeasures to protect bridge foundations from scour has become an important issue for the design and maintenance of bridges located in erodible sediment beds. This paper focuses on the protective effect of one active countermeasure named an “anti-scour collar” on local scour around the commonly used cylindrical bridge pier. A cylindrical pier model was set up in a current flume. River sand with a median particle size of 0.324 mm was selected and used as the sediment in the basin. A live-bed scour experimental program was carried out to study the protective effect of an anti-scour collar by comparing the local scour at a cylindrical bridge pier model with and without collar. The effects of three design parameters including collar installation height, collar external diameter and collar protection range, on the scour depth and scour development were investigated parametrically. According to the experimental results, it can be concluded that: the application of an anti-scour collar alleviates the local scour at the pier effectively; and the protection effect decreases with an increase in the collar installation height, but increases with an increase in the collar external diameter and the protection range. Design suggestions for improving the scour protective effect of the anti-scour collar are summarized and of great practical guiding significance to the development of anti-scour collars for bridge piers. View Full-Text
Keywords: cylindrical pier; local scour; anti-scour collar; bridge; experiment; scour protection; scour development; optimal design cylindrical pier; local scour; anti-scour collar; bridge; experiment; scour protection; scour development; optimal design
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Wang, S.; Wei, K.; Shen, Z.; Xiang, Q. Experimental Investigation of Local Scour Protection for Cylindrical Bridge Piers Using Anti-Scour Collars. Water 2019, 11, 1515.

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