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Article

Analysis of the Effect of Uncertainty in Rainfall-Runoff Models on Simulation Results Using a Simple Uncertainty-Screening Method

by 1 and 2,*
1
Water Resources Research Team, Jeju Province Development Corporation, 1717-35, Namjo-ro, Jocheon-eup, Jeju-si, Jeju-do 63345, Korea
2
Department of Land, Water and Environment Research, Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology, 283, Goyangdae-ro, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 10223, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(7), 1361; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11071361
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 28 June 2019 / Accepted: 28 June 2019 / Published: 30 June 2019
Various uncertainty analysis methods have been used in various studies to analyze the uncertainty of rainfall-runoff models; however, these methods are difficult to apply immediately as they require a long learning time. In this study, we propose a simple uncertainty-screening method that allows modelers to investigate relatively easily the uncertainty of rainfall-runoff models. The 100 best parameter values of three rainfall-runoff models were extracted using the efficient sampler DiffeRential Evolution Adaptive Metropolis (DREAM) algorithm, and the distribution of the parameter values was investigated. Additionally, the ranges of the values of a model performance evaluation statistic and indicators of hydrologic alteration corresponding to the 100 parameter values for the calibration and validation periods was analyzed. The results showed that the Sacramento model, which has the largest number of parameters, had uncertainties in parameters, and the uncertainty of one parameter influenced all other parameters. Furthermore, the uncertainty in the prediction results of the Sacramento model was larger than those of other models. The IHACRES model had uncertainty in one parameter related to the slow flow simulation. On the other hand, the GR4J model had the lowest uncertainty compared to the other two models. The uncertainty-screening method presented in this study can be easily used when the modelers select rainfall-runoff models with lower uncertainty. View Full-Text
Keywords: uncertainty analysis; rainfall-runoff model; DREAM algorithm; indicators of hydrologic alterations; equifinality uncertainty analysis; rainfall-runoff model; DREAM algorithm; indicators of hydrologic alterations; equifinality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shin, M.-J.; Kim, C.-S. Analysis of the Effect of Uncertainty in Rainfall-Runoff Models on Simulation Results Using a Simple Uncertainty-Screening Method. Water 2019, 11, 1361. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11071361

AMA Style

Shin M-J, Kim C-S. Analysis of the Effect of Uncertainty in Rainfall-Runoff Models on Simulation Results Using a Simple Uncertainty-Screening Method. Water. 2019; 11(7):1361. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11071361

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shin, Mun-Ju, and Chung-Soo Kim. 2019. "Analysis of the Effect of Uncertainty in Rainfall-Runoff Models on Simulation Results Using a Simple Uncertainty-Screening Method" Water 11, no. 7: 1361. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11071361

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