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Open AccessArticle

Key Factors Influencing Wider Adoption of Blue–Green Infrastructure in Developing Cities

1
School of Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK
2
Civil Engineering Department, Diponegoro University, Semarang 50275, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(6), 1234; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11061234
Received: 2 April 2019 / Revised: 5 June 2019 / Accepted: 7 June 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Influence of the Urban Fabric on the Risks of Floods)
Numerous fast-growing coastal cities in the Global South are exposed to coastal, fluvial and pluvial floods, as a consequence of decades-long rapid urbanisation and weak enforcement of planning regulations. Integrating Blue–Green Infrastructure (BGI) concepts into the development of the urban landscape has the potential to increase flood resilience and offer broader environmental benefits. BGI is an innovative approach that combines water management and green infrastructure to maintain natural water cycles and enhance environmental and urban renewal. This paper identifies socio-economic, cultural and political challenges influencing BGI adoption in Semarang city in Indonesia. Data was collected from residents of three communities through interviews (n=30), questionnaires (n=180) and focus groups with policymakers and community representatives. The combined quantitative and qualitative data provide an understanding of the specific socio-economic, cultural and political issues at play and reveal flood experience as well as perceptions of community members regarding flood management. Challenges are presented from the point of view of residents and local policymakers and are based on a framework for facilitating local BGI adoption, setting the principles of “inclusive”, “appropriate” and “proactive” as pre-conditions for enhancing community resilience to flooding. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood risk management; Blue–Green Infrastructure; urban landscape; urban planning policy flood risk management; Blue–Green Infrastructure; urban landscape; urban planning policy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Drosou, N.; Soetanto, R.; Hermawan, F.; Chmutina, K.; Bosher, L.; Hatmoko, J.U.D. Key Factors Influencing Wider Adoption of Blue–Green Infrastructure in Developing Cities. Water 2019, 11, 1234.

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