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Open AccessArticle

The Copepod Acartia tonsa Dana in a Microtidal Mediterranean Lagoon: History of a Successful Invasion

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Scienze Marine (CNR ISMAR), Arsenale Tesa 104, Castello 2737/F, 30122 Venezia, Italy
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Water 2019, 11(6), 1200; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11061200
Received: 13 May 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 8 June 2019
The Lagoon of Venice has been recognized as a hot spot for the introduction of nonindigenous species. Several anthropogenic factors as well as environmental stressors concurred to make this ecosystem ideal for invasion. Given the zooplankton ecological relevance related to the role in the marine trophic network, changes in the community have implications for environmental management and ecosystem services. This work aims to depict the relevant steps of the history of invasion of the copepod Acartia tonsa in the Venice lagoon, providing a recent picture of its distribution, mainly compared to congeneric residents. In this work, four datasets of mesozooplankton were examined. The four datasets covered a period from 1975 to 2017 and were used to investigate temporal trends as well as the changes in coexistence patterns among the Acartia species before and after A. tonsa settlement. Spatial distribution of A. tonsa was found to be significantly associated with temperature, phytoplankton, particulate organic carbon (POC), chlorophyll a, and counter gradient of salinity, confirming that A. tonsa is an opportunistic tolerant species. As for previously dominant species, Paracartia latisetosa almost disappeared, and Acartia margalefi was not completely excluded. In 2014–2017, A. tonsa was found to be the dominant Acartia species in the lagoon. View Full-Text
Keywords: Acartia tonsa; Lagoon of Venice; nonindigenous species; zooplankton distribution; coexistence patterns; niche overlaps; long-term ecological research Acartia tonsa; Lagoon of Venice; nonindigenous species; zooplankton distribution; coexistence patterns; niche overlaps; long-term ecological research
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Camatti, E.; Pansera, M.; Bergamasco, A. The Copepod Acartia tonsa Dana in a Microtidal Mediterranean Lagoon: History of a Successful Invasion. Water 2019, 11, 1200.

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