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Driving Factors and Dynamics of Phytoplankton Community and Functional Groups in an Estuary Reservoir in the Yangtze River, China

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
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Water 2019, 11(6), 1184; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11061184
Received: 14 May 2019 / Revised: 30 May 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 6 June 2019
Qingcaosha Reservoir, an estuary reservoir on the Yangtze River and a drinking water source, is facing phytoplankton blooms and the factors driving changes in phytoplankton composition and distribution have not been well understood so far. To facilitate the understanding of this problem, we collected surface water samples from January to December 2014 monthly at 12 sampling sites. A total of 205 taxa classified into eight major taxonomic groups were identified. Cyclotella meneghiniana, Melosira varians, Melosira granulata, Cryptomonas ovata and Chlorella vulgaris were the species dominating at least one season. The long stratification period and high nutrient concentration resulted in high chlorophyll a concentration (36.1 ± 18.5 μg L−1) in the midstream and downstream during summer, and mass phytoplankton growth and sedimentation process led to nutrients decrease. In the reservoir, neither P or N limitation was observed in the study period. We observed that water temperature, nutrient concentrations and light availability (Zeu/Zmix) are critical in selecting functional groups. These results highlight that the functional groups characterized the water body well and showed a good ecological status based on the assemblage index (Q average = 4.0). This work also highlights that mixing regime, water temperature and light availability were the driving factors that determine phytoplankton dynamics. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytoplankton community dynamics; estuary water-supply reservoir; driving force; functional groups; assemblage index phytoplankton community dynamics; estuary water-supply reservoir; driving force; functional groups; assemblage index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, C.; Nan, J.; Li, J. Driving Factors and Dynamics of Phytoplankton Community and Functional Groups in an Estuary Reservoir in the Yangtze River, China. Water 2019, 11, 1184.

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