Next Article in Journal
Characteristics of Horizontal Precipitation in Semi-Humid Forestland in Northern China
Next Article in Special Issue
Criticality Analysis of a Water Distribution System Considering Both Economic Consequences and Hydraulic Loss Using Modern Portfolio Theory
Previous Article in Journal
Use of Artificial Intelligence to Improve Resilience and Preparedness Against Adverse Flood Events
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Comparative Study on a Hydraulic and Water-Quality Analysis Method for Determining Rechlorination Injection Points for a Water-Supply Network
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Robustness and Water Distribution System: State-of-the-Art Review

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Keimyung University, Dalgubeol-daero 1095, Dalseo-gu, Daegu 42601, Korea
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
3
School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, Anam-ro 145, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(5), 974; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11050974
Received: 18 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 9 May 2019
  |  
PDF [323 KB, uploaded 9 May 2019]
  |  

Abstract

The resilience of a water distribution system (WDS) is defined as its ability to prepare, respond to, and recover from a catastrophic failure event such as an earthquake or intentional contamination. Robustness (ROB), one of the components of resilience, is the ability to maintain functionality to meet customer demands. Recently, the traditional probability-based system performance perspective has begun to shift toward the ROB and system performance variation point of view. This paper provides a state-of-the-art review of WDS ROB-based approaches proposed in three research categories: Design, operation, and management. While few pioneering works have been published in the latter two areas, an ROB indicator was proposed and thoroughly investigated for WDS design. Then, some future works are recommended in each of the three domains to promote developments in WDS ROB. Finally, a brief summary of this paper is presented, from which the final conclusions of the state-of-the-art review and recommendations are drawn. The new paradigm of WDS ROB-based design, operation, and management is in its infant stage and should be carved out in future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; robustness; water distribution system; design; operation and management resilience; robustness; water distribution system; design; operation and management
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jung, D.; Lee, S.; Kim, J.H. Robustness and Water Distribution System: State-of-the-Art Review. Water 2019, 11, 974.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top