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Robustness and Water Distribution System: State-of-the-Art Review

Department of Civil Engineering, Keimyung University, Dalgubeol-daero 1095, Dalseo-gu, Daegu 42601, Korea
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, Anam-ro 145, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(5), 974;
Received: 18 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 9 May 2019
The resilience of a water distribution system (WDS) is defined as its ability to prepare, respond to, and recover from a catastrophic failure event such as an earthquake or intentional contamination. Robustness (ROB), one of the components of resilience, is the ability to maintain functionality to meet customer demands. Recently, the traditional probability-based system performance perspective has begun to shift toward the ROB and system performance variation point of view. This paper provides a state-of-the-art review of WDS ROB-based approaches proposed in three research categories: Design, operation, and management. While few pioneering works have been published in the latter two areas, an ROB indicator was proposed and thoroughly investigated for WDS design. Then, some future works are recommended in each of the three domains to promote developments in WDS ROB. Finally, a brief summary of this paper is presented, from which the final conclusions of the state-of-the-art review and recommendations are drawn. The new paradigm of WDS ROB-based design, operation, and management is in its infant stage and should be carved out in future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; robustness; water distribution system; design; operation and management resilience; robustness; water distribution system; design; operation and management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jung, D.; Lee, S.; Kim, J.H. Robustness and Water Distribution System: State-of-the-Art Review. Water 2019, 11, 974.

AMA Style

Jung D, Lee S, Kim JH. Robustness and Water Distribution System: State-of-the-Art Review. Water. 2019; 11(5):974.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jung, Donghwi, Seungyub Lee, and Joong H. Kim. 2019. "Robustness and Water Distribution System: State-of-the-Art Review" Water 11, no. 5: 974.

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