Next Article in Journal
Achieving Urban Stormwater Mitigation Goals on Different Land Parcels with a Capacity Trading Approach
Next Article in Special Issue
Development of Threshold Levels and a Climate-Sensitivity Model of the Hydrological Regime of the High-Altitude Catchment of the Western Himalayas, Pakistan
Previous Article in Journal
Characteristics of Stormwater Quality in Singapore Catchments in 9 Different Types of Land Use
Previous Article in Special Issue
Assessing Climate Change Impacts on River Flows in the Tonle Sap Lake Basin, Cambodia
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Impact Assessment of Future Climate Change on Streamflows Upstream of Khanpur Dam, Pakistan using Soil and Water Assessment Tool

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor Darul Ehsan 43400, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(5), 1090; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11051090
Received: 6 February 2019 / Revised: 8 April 2019 / Accepted: 9 April 2019 / Published: 24 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Evaluating Hydrological Responses to Climate Change)
  |  
PDF [2618 KB, uploaded 24 May 2019]
  |  

Abstract

The study aims to evaluate the long-term changes in meteorological parameters and to quantify their impacts on water resources of the Haro River watershed located on the upstream side of Khanpur Dam in Pakistan. The climate data was obtained from the NASA Earth Exchange Global Daily Downscaled Projection (NEX-GDDP) for MIROC-ESM model under two Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios. The model data was bias corrected and the performance of the bias correction was assessed statistically. Soil and Water Assessment Tool was used for the hydrological simulation of watershed followed by model calibration using Sequential Uncertainty Fitting version-2. The study is useful for devising strategies for future management of Khanpur Dam. The study indicated that in the future, at Murree station (P-1), the maximum temperature, minimum temperature and precipitation were anticipated to increase from 3.1 °C (RCP 4.5) to 4.0 °C (RCP 8.5), 3.2 °C (RCP 4.5) to 4.3 °C (RCP 8.5) and 8.6% to 13.5% respectively, in comparison to the baseline period. Similarly, at Islamabad station (P-2), the maximum temperature, minimum temperature and precipitation were projected to increase from 3.3 °C (RCP 4.5) to 4.1 °C (RCP 8.5), 3.3 °C (RCP 4.5) to 4.2 °C (RCP 8.5) and 14.0% to 21.2% respectively compared to baseline period. The streamflows at Haro River basin were expected to rise from 8.7 m3/s to 9.3 m3/s. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change impact; water resources; Haro River watershed; Soil and Water Assessment Tool climate change impact; water resources; Haro River watershed; Soil and Water Assessment Tool
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Nauman, S.; Zulkafli, Z.; Bin Ghazali, A.H.; Yusuf, B. Impact Assessment of Future Climate Change on Streamflows Upstream of Khanpur Dam, Pakistan using Soil and Water Assessment Tool. Water 2019, 11, 1090.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top