Insecure Security: Emergency Water Supply and Minimum Standards in Countries with a High Supply Reliability
AbstractDrinking water supply is at the core of both, humanitarian action in times of crisis, as well as national policies for regular and emergency supply. In countries with a continuous water supply, the population mostly relies ingenuously on the permanent availability of tap water due to high supply standards. In case of a disruption in the drinking water infrastructure, minimum supply standards become important for emergency management during disasters. However, wider recognition of this issue is still lacking, particularly in countries facing comparably fewer disruptions. Several international agencies provide guideline values for minimum water provision standards in case of a disaster. Acknowledging that these minimum standards were developed for humanitarian assistance, it remains to be analyzed whether these standards apply to disaster management in countries with high supply standards. Based on a comprehensive literature review of scientific publications and humanitarian guidelines, as well as policies from selected countries, current processes, contents, and shortcomings of emergency water supply planning are assessed. To close the identified gaps, this paper flags potential improvements for emergency water supply planning and identifies future fields of research. View Full-Text
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Bross, L.; Krause, S.; Wannewitz, M.; Stock, E.; Sandholz, S.; Wienand, I. Insecure Security: Emergency Water Supply and Minimum Standards in Countries with a High Supply Reliability. Water 2019, 11, 732.
Bross L, Krause S, Wannewitz M, Stock E, Sandholz S, Wienand I. Insecure Security: Emergency Water Supply and Minimum Standards in Countries with a High Supply Reliability. Water. 2019; 11(4):732.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bross, Lisa; Krause, Steffen; Wannewitz, Mia; Stock, Eva; Sandholz, Simone; Wienand, Ina. 2019. "Insecure Security: Emergency Water Supply and Minimum Standards in Countries with a High Supply Reliability." Water 11, no. 4: 732.
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