Next Article in Journal
The Application of Multi-Criteria Analysis Methods for the Determination of Priorities in the Implementation of Irrigation Plans
Next Article in Special Issue
Rainwater Harvesting for Drinking Water Production: A Sustainable and Cost-Effective Solution in The Netherlands?
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Biochar Application and Irrigation Methods on Soil Temperature in Farmland
Previous Article in Special Issue
UNESCO’s Contribution to Face Global Water Challenges
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperPerspective

Water Governance in Cities: Current Trends and Future Challenges

Unit for Climate, Water, and SDGs, Cities, Urban Policies, and Sustainable Development Division, Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2 Rue André Pascal, 75775 Paris, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(3), 500;
Received: 19 December 2018 / Revised: 28 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 10 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Challenges of Water Management and Governance in Cities)
PDF [877 KB, uploaded 10 March 2019]


Adapting water governance to changing needs, while coping with the uncertainties caused by climate change and the consequences of urbanisation and demographic growth, is key for inclusive, safe and resilient cities. The urgency of the challenges calls for innovative practices to enhance water security and provide better services to citizens, as foreseen by the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6. The key question is: how to accomplish these objectives? While there is no doubt that technical solutions are available and play a fundamental role, they represent only part of the solution. Cities must ensure that the institutional frameworks in place are “fit to fix the pipes”, from accessible information to adequate capacity, from sufficient funding to transparency and integrity, and from meaningful stakeholder engagement to coherence across sectoral policies. Building mainly on recent studies on water governance carried out by The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and specifically on urban water governance, this paper will discuss current trends and provide a set of tools for policy solutions based on OECD’s 3Ps framework: people, policies and places. It will conclude by highlighting the importance of improving monitoring and evaluation for better design and implementation of urban water governance. View Full-Text
Keywords: water governance; infrastructure; urban water management; indicators; SDGs; stakeholder participation; water policy water governance; infrastructure; urban water management; indicators; SDGs; stakeholder participation; water policy

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Romano, O.; Akhmouch, A. Water Governance in Cities: Current Trends and Future Challenges. Water 2019, 11, 500.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top