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Article

Update of Early Warning Indicators of Flash Floods: A Case Study of Hunjiang District, Northeastern China

1
School of Geographic and Environmental Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
2
Beijing Seven Trillion Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing 100038, China
3
Lab of Spatial Information Integration, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(2), 314; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020314
Received: 1 January 2019 / Revised: 2 February 2019 / Accepted: 11 February 2019 / Published: 12 February 2019
The China flash flood investigation and evaluation database (CFFIED) covers important information needed for China’s flash flood warning. This paper uses a statistical induction method, inference formula method and standardized unit hydrograph method to explore its principle, characteristics, and key steps. Then based on the field investigation and the latest data on the flash flood, the Hunjiang District in northeastern China was selected as the research area. Firstly, three typical riverside villages, Xiangmo-1 and Sanchahe-3, Shangqing-4, were screened, and the flash flood warning indicators (e.g., water level, flow rate, critical rainfall) in the CFFIED were updated. Then, the maximum error of the flood peak, estimated by the inference formula method and the water level flow relationship method, is only 10.6%, which indicates that the predicted flood peak flow has high credibility and can check and identify the early warning index; the Manning formula is more accurate in calculating the water level flow relationship. However, the calculated ratio is lower and the roughness is higher, and the flow is smaller under the same water level. Finally, the updated flash flood warning indicators were obtained in the Hunjiang District, which improves the accuracy of the flash flood warning, and provides a reference for updating the early warning indicators in other areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: China flash flood investigation and evaluation database; flash flood warning indicator; update; Hunjiang District China flash flood investigation and evaluation database; flash flood warning indicator; update; Hunjiang District
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, M.; Zhang, J.; Su, H.; Wang, D.; Wang, Z. Update of Early Warning Indicators of Flash Floods: A Case Study of Hunjiang District, Northeastern China. Water 2019, 11, 314. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020314

AMA Style

Ma M, Zhang J, Su H, Wang D, Wang Z. Update of Early Warning Indicators of Flash Floods: A Case Study of Hunjiang District, Northeastern China. Water. 2019; 11(2):314. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020314

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ma, Meihong, Jingnan Zhang, Huidong Su, Dacheng Wang, and Zhongliang Wang. 2019. "Update of Early Warning Indicators of Flash Floods: A Case Study of Hunjiang District, Northeastern China" Water 11, no. 2: 314. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020314

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