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Water 2019, 11(2), 290; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020290

Potential of Shrubs, Shore Vegetation and Macrophytes of a Lake to Function as a Phytogeochemical Barrier against Biogenic Substances of Various Origin

1
Department of Environmental Engineering and Geodesy, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Leszczyńskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
2
Department of Hydrobiology and Protection of Ecosystems, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Dobrzańskiego 37, 20-262 Lublin, Poland
3
Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Głęboka 28, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 January 2019 / Revised: 30 January 2019 / Accepted: 31 January 2019 / Published: 7 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Rain on Shrub Ecosystems)
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Abstract

The objective of this study was to perform a comprehensive botanical analysis of shore and littoral vegetation of a model mesotrophic lake and investigate their effectiveness as a phytogeochemical barrier against biogens of various origin. A lake catchment was characterised by natural (forests) as well as anthropogenic land use (extensive agriculture and stationary and unorganised recreation), generating a determined variability in the load of biogenic substances to lake waters. High potential effectiveness of the phytogeochemical barriers of the analysed phytocoenoses in the assimilation of biogenic substances was found to be particularly related to: species richness, diversity of life forms, presence of specific groups and species of plants and width of the buffer zone. This situation results from the natural properties of the habitat and the modifying effect of anthropogenic transformations in the catchment, affecting the biocoenotic composition of the shore and littoral vegetation of the lake, and therefore shaping the structure of its buffer zones. The morphometric parameters and hydrological conditions of the catchment, combined with variable human pressure and modified by the effectiveness of ecotone biogeochemical barriers, contribute to the mesotrophic limnological status of the lake. View Full-Text
Keywords: biological filters; biogeochemical barriers; buffer zone; ecohydrology biological filters; biogeochemical barriers; buffer zone; ecohydrology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Serafin, A.; Sender, J.; Bronowicka-Mielniczuk, U. Potential of Shrubs, Shore Vegetation and Macrophytes of a Lake to Function as a Phytogeochemical Barrier against Biogenic Substances of Various Origin. Water 2019, 11, 290.

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