To obtain high-precision precipitation simulation results, different types of rainfall events in the Ili Region are simulated by using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model with different physical parameterization schemes. According to the spatiotemporal distribution of rainfall evenness, six rainfall events in the Ili Region are divided into four types. Six microphysical parameterization (MP) schemes, five planetary boundary layer (PBL) schemes, and five cumulus (CU) schemes are combined into 14 parameterization members to simulate the rainfall events. It is worth noting that the simulation result sequence of the WRF model (from best to worst) is as follows: type I (events 3 and 5) > type II (events 1 and 6) > type III (event 2) > type IV (event 4). This finding would imply that the WRF model has the best performance for rainfall events with even spatiotemporal distributions, while it is hard to achieve good simulation results for rainfall events with highly uneven spatial and temporal distributions. The results suggest that no single combination of parameterization members provides the best performance for all rainfall events. According to the overall scheme rankings, d, n, and j are the optimal parameterization combination members that accurately describe the spatiotemporal characteristics of the six rainfall events. The study provides guidance for the selection of the physical parameters for the accurate simulation of different types of rainfall events in the arid region of northwestern China.
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