Next Article in Journal
Inter-Blade Vortex and Vortex Rope Characteristics of a Pump-Turbine in Turbine Mode under Low Flow Rate Conditions
Next Article in Special Issue
AQUALIFE Software: A New Tool for a Standardized Ecological Assessment of Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems
Previous Article in Journal
Quantification of Groundwater Exploitation and Assessment of Water Quality Risk Perception in the Dar Es Salaam Quaternary Aquifer, Tanzania
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Toxicity and Uptake of As, Cr and Zn in a Stygobitic Syncarid (Syncarida: Bathynellidae)
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Potential of A Trait-Based Approach in the Characterization of An N-Contaminated Alluvial Aquifer

1
Research Institute on Terrestrial Ecosystems (IRET-CNR), Via Madonna del Piano 10, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy
2
Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, Via Vetoio 1, Coppito, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(12), 2553; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11122553
Received: 25 October 2019 / Revised: 19 November 2019 / Accepted: 28 November 2019 / Published: 3 December 2019
Groundwater communities residing in contaminated aquifers have been investigated mainly through taxonomy-based approaches (i.e., analyzing taxonomic richness and abundances) while ecological traits have been rarely considered. The aim of this study was to assess whether a trait analysis adds value to the traditional taxonomy-based biomonitoring in N-contaminated aquifers. To this end, we monitored 40 bores in the Vomano alluvial aquifer (VO_GWB, Italy) for two years. The aquifer is a nitrate vulnerable zone according to the Water Framework Directive. The traditional taxonomy-based approach revealed an unexpectedly high biodiversity (38 taxa and 5725 individuals), dominated by crustaceans, comparable to that of other unpolluted alluvial aquifers worldwide. This result is in contrast with previous studies and calls into question the sensitivity of stygobiotic species to N-compounds. The trait analysis provided an added value to the study, unveiling signs of impairments of the groundwater community such as low juveniles-to-adults and males-to-females ratios and a crossover of biomasses and abundances curves suggestive of an intermediate alteration of the copepod assemblages. View Full-Text
Keywords: crustaceans; copepods; stygobiotic; traits; groundwater; nitrate; ammonium; nitrite; nitrogen; contamination crustaceans; copepods; stygobiotic; traits; groundwater; nitrate; ammonium; nitrite; nitrogen; contamination
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Di Lorenzo, T.; Murolo, A.; Fiasca, B.; Tabilio Di Camillo, A.; Di Cicco, M.; Galassi, D.M.P. Potential of A Trait-Based Approach in the Characterization of An N-Contaminated Alluvial Aquifer. Water 2019, 11, 2553.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop