Next Article in Journal
Estimating Environmental Preferences of Freshwater Pelagic Fish Using Hydroacoustics and Satellite Remote Sensing
Next Article in Special Issue
A Case-Study Application of the Experimental Watershed Study Design to Advance Adaptive Management of Contemporary Watersheds
Previous Article in Journal
A Method for Fast Evaluation of Potential Consequences of Dam Breach
Previous Article in Special Issue
Climatic Trends of West Virginia: A Representative Appalachian Microcosm
 
 
Article

The Influence of Location on Water Quality Perceptions across a Geographic and Socioeconomic Gradient in Appalachia

School of Natural Resources, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(11), 2225; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11112225
Received: 27 September 2019 / Revised: 18 October 2019 / Accepted: 22 October 2019 / Published: 25 October 2019
Understanding perceptions of water quality held by residents is critical to address gaps in public awareness and knowledge and may provide insight into what defines communities that are more/less resilient to changing water conditions locally. We sought to identify spatial patterns of water quality perceptions gathered in a survey of Southern West Virginia (WV) residents during spring/summer 2018. Using over 500 survey responses across 15 counties, we calculated spatial autocorrelation metrics and modeled the relationships between overall water quality perceptions and county-level socioeconomic endpoints, such as poverty rate, per capita income, and education level. We identified significant differences across counties labeled as socioeconomically “transitional”, “at-risk”, and “distressed”, as it pertained to responses for water quality perceptions, education level, and income level. We also found significant positive relationships between overall water quality perceptions, elevation, and income level. We calculated an empirical semivariogram and fit an exponential model to explain a significant autocorrelation pattern within a range of 104.2 km. Using that semivariance function, we created a kriging interpolation surface across the study area to identify significant clusters of water quality perceptions. This work highlights the influence of location on water quality perceptions within Southern West Virginia, but the analytical framework should be considered in further research, when samples are spread across large areas with varying socioeconomics. View Full-Text
Keywords: water quality; environmental perceptions; human dimensions; spatial models; socioeconomics water quality; environmental perceptions; human dimensions; spatial models; socioeconomics
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Andrew, R.G.; Burns, R.C.; Allen, M.E. The Influence of Location on Water Quality Perceptions across a Geographic and Socioeconomic Gradient in Appalachia. Water 2019, 11, 2225. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11112225

AMA Style

Andrew RG, Burns RC, Allen ME. The Influence of Location on Water Quality Perceptions across a Geographic and Socioeconomic Gradient in Appalachia. Water. 2019; 11(11):2225. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11112225

Chicago/Turabian Style

Andrew, Ross G., Robert C. Burns, and Mary E. Allen. 2019. "The Influence of Location on Water Quality Perceptions across a Geographic and Socioeconomic Gradient in Appalachia" Water 11, no. 11: 2225. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11112225

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop