Next Article in Journal
Investigation of the Current Situation and Prospects for the Development of Rainwater Harvesting as a Tool to Confront Water Scarcity Worldwide
Previous Article in Journal
Investigation of Trends, Temporal Changes in Intensity-Duration-Frequency (IDF) Curves and Extreme Rainfall Events Clustering at Regional Scale Using 5 min Rainfall Data
Article

Decision-Making Challenges of Sustainable Groundwater Strategy under Multi-Event Pressure in Arid Environments: The Diyala River Basin in Iraq

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde Glasgow, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
2
Private Hydrogeologist Expert and Governmental Consultant, Baghdad 10001, Iraq
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2160; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102160
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 10 October 2019 / Accepted: 14 October 2019 / Published: 18 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
A robust decision-making tool is needed to meet sustainability challenges and to manage water resources that are under development pressure, water scarcity, and climate change impact. To tackle such challenges, optimization modelling can be employed to explore regional sustainable management scenarios of groundwater exploitation. Multi-objective management modelling of various alternatives was developed for the Diyala River Basin in Iraq using Borg multi-objectives evolutionary algorithm (MOEA) and ε-DSEA algorithms. In almost all modelled cases, the upper aquifer storage is predicted to be depleted after 40 years due to large water demands and regional recharge scarcity. Hence, there is a need to develop a strategy to reduce water stresses by 45% to achieve sustainability within the next 25 years. Optimization modelling successfully generated future predictions that can be used by decision makers to manage the predicted groundwater shortages in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: decision-making tool; optimization algorithms; sustainable management; groundwater exploitation; arid environment; regional development plan decision-making tool; optimization algorithms; sustainable management; groundwater exploitation; arid environment; regional development plan
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Jawad, J.Y.; Al-Jawad, S.B.; Kalin, R.M. Decision-Making Challenges of Sustainable Groundwater Strategy under Multi-Event Pressure in Arid Environments: The Diyala River Basin in Iraq. Water 2019, 11, 2160. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102160

AMA Style

Al-Jawad JY, Al-Jawad SB, Kalin RM. Decision-Making Challenges of Sustainable Groundwater Strategy under Multi-Event Pressure in Arid Environments: The Diyala River Basin in Iraq. Water. 2019; 11(10):2160. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102160

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Jawad, Jafar Y.; Al-Jawad, Sadik B.; Kalin, Robert M. 2019. "Decision-Making Challenges of Sustainable Groundwater Strategy under Multi-Event Pressure in Arid Environments: The Diyala River Basin in Iraq" Water 11, no. 10: 2160. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102160

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop