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Inter-Seasonal Precipitation Variability over Southern China Associated with Commingling Effect of Indian Ocean Dipole and El Niño

1
State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
2
Department of Safety and Disaster Prevention Research, Seoul Institute of Technology, Seoul 03909, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2023; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102023
Received: 8 August 2019 / Revised: 24 September 2019 / Accepted: 26 September 2019 / Published: 28 September 2019
This study analyzed temporal and regional responses of precipitation to the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) over southern China and the differences between IOD-only and El Niño–southern oscillation–IOD cases. The Mann–Kendall test and intentionally biased bootstrapping were used. The results revealed three main phases (development and peak, decay, and aftermath) of percentage changes in seasonal total rainfall and showed the most positive sensitivity to positive IOD events in southern China. Moreover, El Niño played an essential role in intensifying the positive response to positive IOD events in the first and second phases while contributing little to the third. In terms of precipitation variability (frequency, intensity, and magnitude), seasonal maximum 1-day precipitation and maximum number of consecutive dry days were more sensitive to positive IOD events than the maximum number of consecutive wet days and simple daily precipitation intensity index. This study enhances knowledge of the temporal and spatial sensitivity of precipitation features to positive IOD events over southern China. View Full-Text
Keywords: precipitation variability; southern China; Indian Ocean Dipole; El Niño; intentional statistical simulation precipitation variability; southern China; Indian Ocean Dipole; El Niño; intentional statistical simulation
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Heng, C.; Yoon, S.-K.; Kim, J.-S.; Xiong, L. Inter-Seasonal Precipitation Variability over Southern China Associated with Commingling Effect of Indian Ocean Dipole and El Niño. Water 2019, 11, 2023.

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