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Open AccessArticle

A Simplified Water Accounting Procedure to Assess Climate Change Impact on Water Resources for Agriculture across Different European River Basins

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FutureWater, 30205 Cartagena, Spain
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Research Institute of Water and Environmental Engineering, IIAMA, Universidad Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
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Department of Electronics, Information, and Bioengineering, Politécnico de Milano, 20133 Milano, Italy
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INRA BioSP, 84140 Avignon, France
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School of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, University Campus, Kounoupidiana, 73100 Chania, Crete, Greece
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Deltares, 2628 Delft, The Netherlands
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R2Water, 1016 Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Faculty Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Department Water Management, Delft University of Technology, 2628 Delft, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 1976; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101976
Received: 8 August 2019 / Revised: 12 September 2019 / Accepted: 15 September 2019 / Published: 23 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water Use and Scarcity)
European agriculture and water policies require accurate information on climate change impacts on available water resources. Water accounting, that is a standardized documentation of data on water resources, is a useful tool to provide this information. Pan-European data on climate impacts do not recognize local anthropogenic interventions in the water cycle. Most European river basins have a specific toolset that is understood and used by local experts and stakeholders. However, these local tools are not versatile. Thus, there is a need for a common approach that can be understood by multi-fold users to quantify impact indicators based on local data and that can be used to synthesize information at the European level. Then, policies can be designed with the confidence that underlying data are backed-up by local context and expert knowledge. This work presents a simplified water accounting framework that allows for a standardized examination of climate impacts on water resource availability and use across multiple basins. The framework is applied to five different river basins across Europe. Several indicators are extracted that explicitly describe green water fluxes versus blue water fluxes and impacts on agriculture. The examples show that a simplified water accounting framework can be used to synthesize basin-level information on climate change impacts which can support policymaking on climate adaptation, water resources and agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change impacts; water resources; agriculture; water accounting; hydrological data; water scarcity and drought climate change impacts; water resources; agriculture; water accounting; hydrological data; water scarcity and drought
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hunink, J.; Simons, G.; Suárez-Almiñana, S.; Solera, A.; Andreu, J.; Giuliani, M.; Zamberletti, P.; Grillakis, M.; Koutroulis, A.; Tsanis, I.; Schasfoort, F.; Contreras, S.; Ercin, E.; Bastiaanssen, W. A Simplified Water Accounting Procedure to Assess Climate Change Impact on Water Resources for Agriculture across Different European River Basins. Water 2019, 11, 1976. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101976

AMA Style

Hunink J, Simons G, Suárez-Almiñana S, Solera A, Andreu J, Giuliani M, Zamberletti P, Grillakis M, Koutroulis A, Tsanis I, Schasfoort F, Contreras S, Ercin E, Bastiaanssen W. A Simplified Water Accounting Procedure to Assess Climate Change Impact on Water Resources for Agriculture across Different European River Basins. Water. 2019; 11(10):1976. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101976

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hunink, Johannes; Simons, Gijs; Suárez-Almiñana, Sara; Solera, Abel; Andreu, Joaquín; Giuliani, Matteo; Zamberletti, Patrizia; Grillakis, Manolis; Koutroulis, Aristeidis; Tsanis, Ioannis; Schasfoort, Femke; Contreras, Sergio; Ercin, Ertug; Bastiaanssen, Wim. 2019. "A Simplified Water Accounting Procedure to Assess Climate Change Impact on Water Resources for Agriculture across Different European River Basins" Water 11, no. 10: 1976. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101976

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