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Open AccessArticle

A Shear Reynolds Number-Based Classification Method of the Nonuniform Bed Load Transport

1
MTA-BME Water Management Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Science—Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rakpart 3, H-1111 Budapest, Hungary
2
Department of Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rakpart 3, H-1111 Budapest, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(1), 73; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11010073
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 23 December 2018 / Accepted: 24 December 2018 / Published: 3 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling and Practice of Erosion and Sediment Transport under Change)
The aim of this study is to introduce a novel method which can separate sand- or gravel-dominated bed load transport in rivers with mixed-size bed material. When dealing with large rivers with complex hydrodynamics and morphodynamics, the bed load transport modes can indicate strong variation even locally, which requires a suitable approach to estimate the locally unique behavior of the sediment transport. However, the literature offers only few studies regarding this issue, and they are concerned with uniform bed load. In order to partly fill this gap, we suggest here a decision criteria which utilizes the shear Reynolds number. The method was verified with data from field and laboratory measurements, both performed at nonuniform bed material compositions. The comparative assessment of the results show that the shear Reynolds number-based method operates more reliably than the Shields–Parker diagram and it is expected to predict the sand or gravel transport domination with a <5% uncertainty. The results contribute to the improvement of numerical sediment transport modeling as well as to the field implementation of bed load transport measurements. View Full-Text
Keywords: bed load transport; shear Reynolds number; mixed-size bed material; complex morphodynamics bed load transport; shear Reynolds number; mixed-size bed material; complex morphodynamics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Török, G.T.; Józsa, J.; Baranya, S. A Shear Reynolds Number-Based Classification Method of the Nonuniform Bed Load Transport. Water 2019, 11, 73.

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