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Integration of GIS and a Lagrangian Particle-Tracking Model for Harmful Algal Bloom Trajectories Prediction

State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
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Water 2019, 11(1), 164; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11010164
Received: 7 December 2018 / Revised: 12 January 2019 / Accepted: 16 January 2019 / Published: 17 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water Quality and Ecosystems)
Harmful algal bloom (HAB) is a major environmental problem in coastal waters around the world. The technologies and approaches for short-term forecasting of the HABs trajectories have obtained increasing attention from researchers. In this paper, we present a straightforward physical-based model based on a non-Fickian Lagrangian particle-tracking scheme for understanding the movement of detected HABs. The model adopts the fractional Brownian motion (fBm) technology, and is coupled with the Delft3D and WRF models and GIS. The fBm based Lagrangian particle-tracking model can flexibly control the scale of the particle clouds diffusion through Hurst value, which can be used to account for uncertainties and adjust for better representing the trajectories of HABs. Simulation results demonstrate that the presented model can successfully predict the trends and the main features of red tide drifting. The developed simulation tool enables users to create the model configuration, manage data inputs, run the model, and generate model maps and animations within a GIS environment. It is believed that the model and the tool outlined herein can be very useful for rapidly evaluating potential areas at risk from the HABs events. View Full-Text
Keywords: HABs; Lagrangian; fractional Brownian motion; GIS; particle-tracking; trajectories HABs; Lagrangian; fractional Brownian motion; GIS; particle-tracking; trajectories
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Qin, R.; Lin, L. Integration of GIS and a Lagrangian Particle-Tracking Model for Harmful Algal Bloom Trajectories Prediction. Water 2019, 11, 164.

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