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Water 2018, 10(7), 924; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10070924

A Comparative Analysis of the Wind and Wave Climate in the Black Sea Along the Shipping Routes

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Dunărea de Jos University of Galati, 47 Domneasca Street, 800008a Galati, Romania
2
Danubius International Business School, 3 Galati Street, Danubius University, 800654 Galati, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 June 2018 / Revised: 3 July 2018 / Accepted: 10 July 2018 / Published: 12 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management and Governance)
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Abstract

The aim of the present work is to assess the wind and wave climate in the Black Sea while considering various data sources. A special attention is given to the areas with higher navigation traffic. Thus, the results are analyzed for the sites located close to the main harbors and also along the major trading routes. The wind conditions were evaluated considering two different data sets, the reanalysis data provided by NCEP-CFSR (U.S. National Centers for Environmental Prediction-Climate Forecast System Reanalysis) and the hindcast results given by a Regional Climate Model (RCM) that were retrieved from EURO-CORDEX (European Domain-Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment). For the waves, there were considered the results coming from simulations with the SWAN (Simulating Wave Nearshore) model, forced with the above-mentioned two different wind fields. Based on these results, it can be mentioned that the offshore sites seem to show the best correlation between the two datasets for both wind and waves. As regards the nearshore sites, there is a good agreement between the average values of the wind data that are provided by the different datasets, except for the points located in the southern part of the Black Sea. The same trends noticed for the average values remain also valid for the extreme values. Finally, it can be concluded that the results obtained in this study are useful for the evaluation of the wind and wave climate in the Black Sea. Also, they give a more comprehensive picture on how well the wind field provided by the Regional Climate Model, and the wave model forced with this wind, can represent the features of a complex marine environment as the Black Sea is. View Full-Text
Keywords: Black Sea; shipping routes; wind and waves; reanalysis data; regional climate models Black Sea; shipping routes; wind and waves; reanalysis data; regional climate models
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Rusu, L.; Raileanu, A.B.; Onea, F. A Comparative Analysis of the Wind and Wave Climate in the Black Sea Along the Shipping Routes. Water 2018, 10, 924.

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