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Water 2018, 10(6), 739; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10060739

Governing Non-Potable Water-Reuse to Alleviate Water Stress: The Case of Sabadell, Spain

1
University College of Utrecht, Utrecht University, Campusplein 1, 3584 ED Utrecht, The Netherlands
2
KWR Watercycle Research Institute, Groningenhaven 7, 3433 PE Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
3
Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development and Innovation, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
4
Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic, Plaça de la Ciencia, 2, 08243 Manresa, Spain
5
CASSA, Companyia d’Aigües de Sabadell, S.A., Concepció, 20-08202 Sabadell, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 May 2018 / Revised: 28 May 2018 / Accepted: 5 June 2018 / Published: 6 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Challenges of Water Management and Governance in Cities)
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Abstract

The world will experience an estimated 40% freshwater supply shortage by 2030, converting water scarcity into one of the principal global challenges that modern society faces. Urban water reuse is recognized as a promising and necessary measure to alleviate the growing water stress in many regions. The transformation to widespread application of water-reuse systems requires major changes in the way water is governed, and countries such as Spain already find themselves involved in this process. Through the systematic assessment of the city of Sabadell (Spain), we aim to identify the main barriers, opportunities and transferable lessons that can enhance governance capacity to implement systems for non-potable reuse of treated wastewater in cities. It was found that continuous learning, the availability and quality of information, the level of knowledge, and strong agents of change are the main capacity-building priorities. On the other hand, awareness, multilevel network potential and implementing capacity are already well-established. It is concluded that in order to undertake a widespread application of water-reuse practices, criteria examining water quality according to its use need to be developed independently of the water’s origin. The development and implementation of such a legislative frame should be based on the experience of local water-reuse practices and continuous evaluation. Finally, the need for public engagement and adequate pricing mechanisms are emphasized. View Full-Text
Keywords: water-reuse; governance capacity; water management; water scarcity water-reuse; governance capacity; water management; water scarcity
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Šteflová, M.; Koop, S.; Elelman, R.; Vinyoles, J.; Van Leeuwen, K. Governing Non-Potable Water-Reuse to Alleviate Water Stress: The Case of Sabadell, Spain. Water 2018, 10, 739.

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