Next Article in Journal
Physical Simulation of Strata Failure and Its Impact on Overlying Unconsolidated Aquifer at Various Mining Depths
Next Article in Special Issue
Comparison of Time Nonlocal Transport Models for Characterizing Non-Fickian Transport: From Mathematical Interpretation to Laboratory Application
Previous Article in Journal
Removal of Pb2+ from Water by Synthesized Tannin Resins from Invasive South African Trees
Open AccessArticle

Potential Impact of In-Situ Oil Shale Exploitation on Aquifer System

by Shuya Hu 1,2,3, Changlai Xiao 1,2,3, Xue Jiang 4 and Xiujuan Liang 1,2,3,*
Key Laboratory of Groundwater Resources and Environment of Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
College of Environmental and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
National-Local Joint Engineering Laboratory of In-situ Conversion, Drilling and Exploitation Technology for Oil Shale, Changchun 130021, China
College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, The Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(5), 649;
Received: 18 March 2018 / Revised: 3 May 2018 / Accepted: 10 May 2018 / Published: 17 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Groundwater Contamination and Remediation)
The effects of heat on physical and hydraulic properties of oil shale were investigated. The porosity and water absorption of oil shale increased with increasing pyrolysis temperature. The porosity increased by 19.048% and water absorption increased by 0.76% when oil shale was heated to 500 °C. Thus, originally impermeable oil shale was converted to a permeable rock formation, facilitating interactions between surrounding groundwater and oil. Heated oil shale was immersed in water, which showed strong alkaline properties. The content of Ca2+ remained stable and a slight decrease in SO42− content was observed. Hydrocarbon content in the water samples reached maximum concentration within three days. View Full-Text
Keywords: oil shale; in-situ exploitation; aquifer systems; immersion test oil shale; in-situ exploitation; aquifer systems; immersion test
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hu, S.; Xiao, C.; Jiang, X.; Liang, X. Potential Impact of In-Situ Oil Shale Exploitation on Aquifer System. Water 2018, 10, 649.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop