Especially for periods of drought, the higher the accuracy of reservoir inflow forecasting is, the more reliable the water supply from a dam is. This article focuses on the probabilistic forecasting of quarterly inflow to reservoirs, which determines estimates from the probabilistic quarterly inflow according to drought forecast results. The probabilistic quarterly inflow was forecasted by a copula-based Bayesian network employing a Gaussian copula function. Drought forecasting was performed by calculation of the standardized inflow index value. The calendar year is divided into four quarters, and the total inflow volume of water to a reservoir for three months is referred to as the quarterly inflow. Quarterly inflow forecasting curves, conforming to drought stages, produce estimates of probabilistic quarterly inflow according to the drought forecast results. The forecasted estimates of quarterly inflow were calculated by using the inflow records of Soyanggang and Andong dams in the Republic of Korea. After the probability distribution of the quarterly inflow was determined, a lognormal distribution was found to be the best fit to the quarterly inflow volumes in the case of the Andong dam, except for those of the third quarter. Under the threshold probability of drought occurrences ranging from 50% to 55%, the forecasted quarterly inflows reasonably matched the corresponding drought records. Provided the drought forecasting is accurate, combining drought forecasting with quarterly inflow forecasting can produce reasonable estimates of drought inflow based on the probabilistic forecasting of quarterly inflow to a reservoir.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited