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Numerical Model of Supersaturated Total Dissolved Gas Dissipation in a Channel with Vegetation

1
State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
2
Power China Zhongnan Engineering Corporation Limited, Changsha 410014, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(12), 1769; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10121769
Received: 8 October 2018 / Revised: 28 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 1 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Quality and Ecosystems)
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Abstract

The recent construction and operation of high dams have greatly changed the natural flood process. To meet the ecological demands and flood control requirements of rivers, dams discharge flow through the flood discharge facility, always accompanied by total dissolved gas (TDG) supersaturation in the water, which is harmful to fish. The purpose of this paper is to explore the dissipation characteristics and prediction methods of supersaturated TDG in water flowing through a floodplain covered with vegetation. A three-dimensional two-phase supersaturated TDG transportation and dissipation model considering the effects of vegetation was established. Using existing mechanism experimental results, the inner dissipation coefficient kin of TDG in vegetation-affected flows was studied, and the quantitative relationships between the inner dissipation coefficient kin and the average flow velocity, average water depth, average water radius, Reynolds number, and vegetation density were characterized. Based on the simulation results, the distribution characteristics of the supersaturated TDG in water around vegetation and in the vertical, lateral, and longitudinal directions of the flume under different flow and vegetation densities were analyzed. A supersaturated TDG transportation and dissipation model for vegetation-affected flow is proposed and can be used to predict the impact of TDG in a floodplain. View Full-Text
Keywords: total dissolved gas; supersaturation; vegetation; two-phase model; dissipation total dissolved gas; supersaturation; vegetation; two-phase model; dissipation
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Yuan, Y.; Huang, Y.; Feng, J.; Li, R.; An, R.; Huang, J. Numerical Model of Supersaturated Total Dissolved Gas Dissipation in a Channel with Vegetation. Water 2018, 10, 1769.

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