Next Article in Journal
Using SCADA to Detect and Locate Bursts in a Long-Distance Water Pipeline
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Geometry and Hydraulic Characteristics of Shallow Reservoirs on Sediment Entrapment
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Health Risk Assessment of Household Drinking Water in a District in the UAE

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain P.O. Box 15551, UAE
2
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Khartoum, Khartoum P.O. Box 321, Sudan
3
National Water Center, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain P.O. Box 15551, UAE
4
Department of Biology, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain P.O. Box 15551, UAE
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(12), 1726; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10121726
Received: 17 October 2018 / Revised: 11 November 2018 / Accepted: 16 November 2018 / Published: 26 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Quality and Ecosystems)
  |  
PDF [7399 KB, uploaded 26 November 2018]
  |  

Abstract

The quality of household drinking water in a community of 30 houses in a district in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE) was assessed over a period of one year (January to November 2015). Standard analytical techniques were used to screen for water quality parameters and contaminants of concern. Water quality was evaluated in the 30 households at four sampling points: kitchen faucet, bathroom faucet, household water tank, and main water pipe. The sampling points were chosen to help identify the source when an elevated level of a particular contaminant is observed. Water quality data was interpreted by utilizing two main techniques: spatial variation analysis and multivariate statistical techniques. Initial analysis showed that many households had As, Cd, and Pb concentrations that were higher than the maximum allowable level set by UAE drinking water standards. In addition, the water main samples had the highest concentration of the heavy metals compared to other sampling points. Health risk assessment results indicated that approximately 30%, 55%, and 15% of the houses studied had a high, moderate, and low risk from the prolonged exposure to heavy metals, respectively. The analysis can help with planning a spatially focused sampling plan to confirm the study findings and set an appropriate course of action. View Full-Text
Keywords: drinking water; heavy metals; multivariate statistics; risk assessment drinking water; heavy metals; multivariate statistics; risk assessment
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mahmoud, M.T.; Hamouda, M.A.; Al Kendi, R.R.; Mohamed, M.M. Health Risk Assessment of Household Drinking Water in a District in the UAE. Water 2018, 10, 1726.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top