Abrupt Climate Shift in the Mature Rainy Season of the Philippines in the Mid-1990s
AbstractA robust climate shift around 1993/1994 from early August to early September, which corresponds to the mature rainy season of the Philippines, was identified in stations located over the western coast of the country. The convection in the mature rainy season during 1994–2008 (E2) was suppressed compared with 1979–1993 (E1). The possible role of the changes in the large-scale conditions and tropical cyclone (TC) activity were analyzed. The results show that the western North Pacific Subtropical High has extended further westward in E2 leading to an enhanced lower-level divergence and less moisture transport over the Philippines. The changes in the large-scale conditions, which featured a mid-tropospheric descent, a decrease in low-level relative humidity, an enhanced vertical zonal wind shear, and a decrease in the perturbation kinetic energy, also inhibited the synoptic-scale disturbances in the vicinity of the Philippines. In particular, fewer TCs developed and made landfall over the Philippines in E2. We also found inconsistent climate shifts in May, June, July, and September between the rainfall data from the stations and the Climate Prediction Center Merged Analysis of Precipitation, which highlights the importance of sub-seasonal analysis in decadal-to-interdecadal climate change studies. View Full-Text
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Olaguera, L.M.; Matsumoto, J.; Kubota, H.; Inoue, T.; Cayanan, E.O.; Hilario, F.D. Abrupt Climate Shift in the Mature Rainy Season of the Philippines in the Mid-1990s. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 350.
Olaguera LM, Matsumoto J, Kubota H, Inoue T, Cayanan EO, Hilario FD. Abrupt Climate Shift in the Mature Rainy Season of the Philippines in the Mid-1990s. Atmosphere. 2018; 9(9):350.Chicago/Turabian Style
Olaguera, Lyndon M.; Matsumoto, Jun; Kubota, Hisayuki; Inoue, Tomoshige; Cayanan, Esperanza O.; Hilario, Flaviana D. 2018. "Abrupt Climate Shift in the Mature Rainy Season of the Philippines in the Mid-1990s." Atmosphere 9, no. 9: 350.
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