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Atmosphere 2018, 9(10), 388;

Chemical Characteristics and Sources of Submicron Particles in a City with Heavy Pollution in China

Key Laboratory of Beijing on Regional Air Pollution Control, College of Environmental & Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 August 2018 / Revised: 9 September 2018 / Accepted: 1 October 2018 / Published: 5 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Aerosols)
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Submicron particle (PM1) pollution has received increased attention in recent years; however, few studies have focused on such pollution in the city of Shijiazhuang (SJZ), which is one of the most polluted cities in the world. In this study, we conducted an intensive simultaneous sampling of PM1 and PM2.5 in autumn 2016, in order to explore pollution characteristics and sources in SJZ. The results showed that the average mass concentrations of PM1 and PM2.5 were 70.51 μg/m3 and 91.68 μg/m3, respectively, and the average ratio of PM1/PM2.5 was 0.75. Secondary inorganic aerosol (SIA) was the dominant component in PM1 (35.9%) and PM2.5 (32.3%). An analysis of haze episodes found that SIA had a significant influence on PM1 pollution, NH4+ promoted the formation of pollution, and SO42− and NO3 presented different chemical mechanisms. Additionally, the results of source apportionment implied that secondary source, biomass burning and coal combustion, traffic, industry, and dust were the major pollution sources for SJZ, accounting for 45.4%, 18.9%, 15.7%, 10.3%, and 9.8% of PM1, respectively, and for 42.4%, 18.8%, 12.2%, 10.2%, and 16.4% of PM2.5, respectively. Southern Hebei, mid-eastern Shanxi, and northern Henan were the major contribution regions during the study period. Three transport pathways of pollutants were put forward, including airflows from Shanxi with secondary source, airflows from the central Beijng–Tianjin–Hebei region with fossil fuel burning source, and airflows from the southern North China Plain with biomass burning source. The systematic analysis of PM1 could provide scientific support for the creation of an air pollution mitigation policy in SJZ and similar regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: PM1; PM2.5; chemical characteristics; source apportionment; haze pollution; Shijiazhuang PM1; PM2.5; chemical characteristics; source apportionment; haze pollution; Shijiazhuang

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Lang, J.; Li, S.; Cheng, S.; Zhou, Y.; Chen, D.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, H.; Wang, H. Chemical Characteristics and Sources of Submicron Particles in a City with Heavy Pollution in China. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 388.

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