Next Article in Journal
Synoptic Conditions Generating Heat Waves and Warm Spells in Romania
Next Article in Special Issue
The Generation and Propagation of Atmospheric Internal Waves Caused by Volcanic Eruptions
Previous Article in Journal
The Effects of Dominant Driving Forces on Summer Precipitation during Different Periods in Beijing
Previous Article in Special Issue
Profiling Radar Observations and Numerical Simulations of a Downslope Wind Storm and Rotor on the Lee of the Medicine Bow Mountains in Wyoming
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Atmosphere 2017, 8(3), 49;

On the Interpretation of Gravity Wave Measurements by Ground-Based Lidars

Institute of Atmospheric Physics, DLR Oberpfaffenhofen Münchener Str. 20, 82234 Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vanda Grubišić
Received: 2 December 2016 / Revised: 30 January 2017 / Accepted: 18 February 2017 / Published: 1 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Atmospheric Gravity Waves)
Full-Text   |   PDF [7467 KB, uploaded 1 March 2017]   |  


This paper asks the simple question: How can we interpret vertical time series of middle atmosphere gravity wave measurements by ground-based temperature lidars? Linear wave theory is used to show that the association of identified phase lines with quasi-monochromatic waves should be considered with great care. The ambient mean wind has a substantial effect on the inclination of the detected phase lines. The lack of knowledge about the wind might lead to a misinterpretation of the vertical propagation direction of the observed gravity waves. In particular, numerical simulations of three archetypal atmospheric mountain wave regimes show a sensitivity of virtual lidar observations on the position relative to the mountain and on the scale of the mountain. View Full-Text
Keywords: internal gravity waves; middle atmosphere; lidar internal gravity waves; middle atmosphere; lidar

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Dörnbrack, A.; Gisinger, S.; Kaifler, B. On the Interpretation of Gravity Wave Measurements by Ground-Based Lidars. Atmosphere 2017, 8, 49.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top