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Article

Dust Climatology of Turkey as a Part of the Eastern Mediterranean Basin via 9-Year CALIPSO-Derived Product

1
Department of Environmental Engineering, Hacettepe University, Beytepe, 06800 Ankara, Turkey
2
Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Hacettepe University, Beytepe, 06800 Ankara, Turkey
3
National Observatory of Athens, IAASARS, 15236 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Souzana Achilleos and Petros Mouzourides
Atmosphere 2022, 13(5), 733; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13050733
Received: 1 March 2022 / Revised: 27 April 2022 / Accepted: 28 April 2022 / Published: 4 May 2022
Turkey is located in the heart of complex transition geography between Eurasia and the Middle East. In the grand scheme, the so-called eastern Mediterranean Basin is located almost in the middle of the dusty belt, and is a hot spot of climate change. The downstream location of dust-carrying winds from close desert sources reveals Turkey as an open plane to particulate matter exposure throughout the year. In order to clarify this phenomenon, this paper aims to determine the desert dust climatology of Turkey via CALIPSO onboard Lidar. This prominent instrument enables us to understand clouds, aerosols and their types, and related climatic systems, with its valuable products. In this study, a 9-year CALIPSO-derived pure dust product dataset was formed to explain horizontal and vertical distributions, transport heights and case incidences. The results indicated that the pure dust extinction coefficient increased as the location shifted from west to east. Moreover, in the same direction of west to east, the dominant spring months changed to summer and autumn. Mountain range systems surrounding Anatolia were the main obstacles against lofted and buoyant dust particles travelling to northern latitudes. Even if high ridges accumulated mass load on the southern slopes, they also enabled elevated particles to reach the ground level of the inner cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerosol; CALIPSO; desert dust; eastern Mediterranean; North Africa; Middle East aerosol; CALIPSO; desert dust; eastern Mediterranean; North Africa; Middle East
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aslanoğlu, S.Y.; Proestakis, E.; Gkikas, A.; Güllü, G.; Amiridis, V. Dust Climatology of Turkey as a Part of the Eastern Mediterranean Basin via 9-Year CALIPSO-Derived Product. Atmosphere 2022, 13, 733. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13050733

AMA Style

Aslanoğlu SY, Proestakis E, Gkikas A, Güllü G, Amiridis V. Dust Climatology of Turkey as a Part of the Eastern Mediterranean Basin via 9-Year CALIPSO-Derived Product. Atmosphere. 2022; 13(5):733. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13050733

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aslanoğlu, S. Y., Emmanouil Proestakis, Antonis Gkikas, Gülen Güllü, and Vassilis Amiridis. 2022. "Dust Climatology of Turkey as a Part of the Eastern Mediterranean Basin via 9-Year CALIPSO-Derived Product" Atmosphere 13, no. 5: 733. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13050733

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