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Open AccessArticle

Bulk Scaling Model of Entrainment Zone Thickness in a Convective Boundary Layer, with a Shear Effect Promoted by Velocity Difference

School of Energy and Environment Sciences, Yunnan Normal University, Juxian Road No.798, Kunming 650092, China
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Atmosphere 2020, 11(1), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11010063
Received: 25 October 2019 / Revised: 29 December 2019 / Accepted: 30 December 2019 / Published: 3 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Turbulence in Atmospheric Boundary Layers)
Studying the thickness of the convective boundary layer (CBL) is helpful for understanding atmospheric structure and the diffusion of air pollutants. When there is velocity shear in CBL, the flow field structure is very different from that of shear-free CBL, which makes the thickness model of the entrainment zone deviate. A large-eddy simulation (LES) approach is carried out for a horizontally homogeneous, atmospheric CBL, with a shear effect promoted by velocity difference to explore the bulk scaling model of the entrainment zone thickness. The post-processed data indicate that the existing bulk scaling models cannot synthetically represent the effects of shear and buoyancy on entrainment, resulting in reduced accuracy or limited applicability. Based on the fraction of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) used for entrainment, a different form of the characteristic velocity scale, which includes the shear effect, is proposed, and a modified bulk scaling model that uses a potential temperature gradient to replace the potential temperature jump across the entrainment zone is constructed with the numerical results. The new model is found to provide an improved prediction of the entrainment zone thickness in a sheared CBL. View Full-Text
Keywords: sheared convective boundary layer; entrainment zone thickness; Richardson number; large-eddy simulation; bulk scaling model sheared convective boundary layer; entrainment zone thickness; Richardson number; large-eddy simulation; bulk scaling model
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Li, A.; Gao, W.; Liu, T. Bulk Scaling Model of Entrainment Zone Thickness in a Convective Boundary Layer, with a Shear Effect Promoted by Velocity Difference. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 63.

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