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Open AccessReview

Linking Flood Susceptibility Mapping and Governance in Mexico for Flood Mitigation: A Participatory Approach Model

1
CONACYT-Sección de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, ESIA Zacatenco, 07320 Mexico City, Mexico
2
Instituto de Investigaciones Dr. José Maria Luis Mora (CONACYT), 03730 Mexico City, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(8), 424; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10080424
Received: 26 June 2019 / Revised: 16 July 2019 / Accepted: 22 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Floods and Climate)
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PDF [2550 KB, uploaded 25 July 2019]
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Abstract

In many countries of the world, floods continue to cause extensive damage to people and properties. This is also the case of Mexico, where meteorological phenomena cause flooding every year. In order to mitigate continuous losses and damages, crucial tools like hazard maps are essential for prevention. This review article analyzes the main reasons for the shortcomings on disasters caused by floods in Mexico. We argue that strong linking between the realm of technical hazard mappings and local governance as an integrated approach to manage disasters can be a basis for a new prevention policy in Mexico. This consideration is achieved through the description of the available information on the meteorological events that have caused major damage in recent years and the analysis of the interventions carried out at decision-making level by the government and the national civil protection system. The application that hazard maps have in the world and their usefulness is also discussed. From the analysis carried out it emerges that the inefficiency of the system in preventing damage caused by floods in Mexico is due to both the lack of high-level expertise in hazard maps design and the lack of their use in decision-making policies at the local level. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood risk; flood susceptibility mapping; governance; flood hazard; civil protection; disasters flood risk; flood susceptibility mapping; governance; flood hazard; civil protection; disasters
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Bonasia, R.; Lucatello, S. Linking Flood Susceptibility Mapping and Governance in Mexico for Flood Mitigation: A Participatory Approach Model. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 424.

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