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Article

A New Approach for Generating Human Biometeorological Information Based on Gridded High-Resolution Data (Basic Data of Test-Reference-Years)

Research Centre Human Biometeorology, Deutscher Wetterdienst, Stefan-Meier-Str. 4-6, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
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Atmosphere 2019, 10(6), 334; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10060334
Received: 26 April 2019 / Revised: 13 June 2019 / Accepted: 14 June 2019 / Published: 19 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Hazards―Lessons from The Past and Contemporary Challenges)
The assessment of human-biometeorological information requires appropriate preparation of data and suitable visualisation of results. Human-biometeorological information can be valuable for tourists and visitors, but also for citizens looking for information about their neighbourhood or a new residence. Cities or health resorts can also promote their climate conditions for health rehabilitation. To derive this human-biometeorological information in a unified, comprehensive, and comprehensible form, a tool was developed. The input information contains the coordinates of a place and/or area of interest, and the time period of data chosen by the user. For meteorological data, the basic dataset of Test-Reference-Years from the German Meteorological Service is used, containing hourly meteorological data for the time period from 1995 to 2012, covering Germany with a spatial resolution of 1 km². Based on the Perceived Temperature as a thermal index, days with heat stress and cold stimulus are identified. In this process, the effects of short-term human acclimatisation on the thermal environment are considered by using a variable threshold value based on the thermal conditions of the last 30 days. The results of the tool’s application consist of several frequency diagrams, the Climate-Tourism/Transfer-Information-Scheme, a diagram of heat waves, and maps of the area of interest, displaying the spatial distribution of heat stress and cold stimulus. As an example, the (bio-)meteorological conditions of the region of southern Baden around Freiburg and the Black Forest, including the health resort, Hinterzarten, are analysed. View Full-Text
Keywords: health resort; climatology; perceived temperature; Climate-Tourism/Transfer-Information-Scheme (CTIS); test reference years; human biometeorology; heat acclimatisation; Germany health resort; climatology; perceived temperature; Climate-Tourism/Transfer-Information-Scheme (CTIS); test reference years; human biometeorology; heat acclimatisation; Germany
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schlegel, I.C.; Matzarakis, A. A New Approach for Generating Human Biometeorological Information Based on Gridded High-Resolution Data (Basic Data of Test-Reference-Years). Atmosphere 2019, 10, 334. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10060334

AMA Style

Schlegel IC, Matzarakis A. A New Approach for Generating Human Biometeorological Information Based on Gridded High-Resolution Data (Basic Data of Test-Reference-Years). Atmosphere. 2019; 10(6):334. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10060334

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schlegel, Irmela C., and Andreas Matzarakis. 2019. "A New Approach for Generating Human Biometeorological Information Based on Gridded High-Resolution Data (Basic Data of Test-Reference-Years)" Atmosphere 10, no. 6: 334. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10060334

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