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A New Approach for Generating Human Biometeorological Information Based on Gridded High-Resolution Data (Basic Data of Test-Reference-Years)

Research Centre Human Biometeorology, Deutscher Wetterdienst, Stefan-Meier-Str. 4-6, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
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Atmosphere 2019, 10(6), 334; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10060334
Received: 26 April 2019 / Revised: 13 June 2019 / Accepted: 14 June 2019 / Published: 19 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Hazards―Lessons from The Past and Contemporary Challenges)
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Abstract

The assessment of human-biometeorological information requires appropriate preparation of data and suitable visualisation of results. Human-biometeorological information can be valuable for tourists and visitors, but also for citizens looking for information about their neighbourhood or a new residence. Cities or health resorts can also promote their climate conditions for health rehabilitation. To derive this human-biometeorological information in a unified, comprehensive, and comprehensible form, a tool was developed. The input information contains the coordinates of a place and/or area of interest, and the time period of data chosen by the user. For meteorological data, the basic dataset of Test-Reference-Years from the German Meteorological Service is used, containing hourly meteorological data for the time period from 1995 to 2012, covering Germany with a spatial resolution of 1 km². Based on the Perceived Temperature as a thermal index, days with heat stress and cold stimulus are identified. In this process, the effects of short-term human acclimatisation on the thermal environment are considered by using a variable threshold value based on the thermal conditions of the last 30 days. The results of the tool’s application consist of several frequency diagrams, the Climate-Tourism/Transfer-Information-Scheme, a diagram of heat waves, and maps of the area of interest, displaying the spatial distribution of heat stress and cold stimulus. As an example, the (bio-)meteorological conditions of the region of southern Baden around Freiburg and the Black Forest, including the health resort, Hinterzarten, are analysed. View Full-Text
Keywords: health resort; climatology; perceived temperature; Climate-Tourism/Transfer-Information-Scheme (CTIS); test reference years; human biometeorology; heat acclimatisation; Germany health resort; climatology; perceived temperature; Climate-Tourism/Transfer-Information-Scheme (CTIS); test reference years; human biometeorology; heat acclimatisation; Germany
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Schlegel, I.C.; Matzarakis, A. A New Approach for Generating Human Biometeorological Information Based on Gridded High-Resolution Data (Basic Data of Test-Reference-Years). Atmosphere 2019, 10, 334.

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