Next Article in Journal
Contribution of Fine Particles to Air Emission at Different Phases of Biomass Burning
Previous Article in Journal
Spring 2018 Asian Dust Events: Sources, Transportation, and Potential Biogeochemical Implications
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

A Review of Aerosol Chemical Composition and Sources in Representative Regions of China during Wintertime

School of Humanities, Economics and Law, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710129, China
College of Management, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
Key Lab of Aerosol Chemistry and Physics, State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710061, China
CAS Center for Excellence in Quaternary Science and Global Change, Xi’an 710061, China
School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
School of Human Settlements and Civil Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), 5232 Villigen, Switzerland
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(5), 277;
Received: 31 March 2019 / Revised: 30 April 2019 / Accepted: 13 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Aerosols)
PDF [2775 KB, uploaded 16 May 2019]


Comparisons of aerosol composition and sources in different cities or regions are rather limited, yet important for an in-depth understanding of the spatial diversity of aerosol pollution in China. In this study, the data originating from 25 different winter aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS)/aerosol chemical speciation monitor (ACSM) studies were used to provide spatial coverage of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH), Guanzhong (GZ), Yangtze River Delta (YRD), and Pearl River Delta (PRD) regions. The spatial distribution and diurnal variations in aerosol composition and organic sources were analyzed to investigate the aerosol characteristics in the four regions. It was found that there were differences in the compositions of non-refractory particulate matter across the regions, e.g., more sulfate in the PRD versus more nitrate in the YRD, as well as in the organic sources, e.g., more coal combustion in BTH versus more biomass burning in GZ. The characteristics of the composition of NR-PM are similar when the campaigns were classified according to the winter of different years or the cities of different regions. The diurnal variation of the PRD-sulfate indicated its regional nature, whereas the organics from burning sources in two regions of northern China exhibited local characteristics. Based on these findings, we suggest that strict control policies for coal combustion and biomass burning emissions should be enforced in the BTH and GZ regions, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerosol composition; organic sources; representative regions; China; wintertime aerosol composition; organic sources; representative regions; China; wintertime

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Wang, Q.; Ye, J.; Yan, M.; Qin, Q.; Prévôt, A.S.H.; Cao, J. A Review of Aerosol Chemical Composition and Sources in Representative Regions of China during Wintertime. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 277.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top